About this book
In the light of global energy use, the cost of energy services, concerns over energy supply security, climate change and local air pollution, this book centres on the question of how growing energy demand for transport can be met in the long term. Given the interest in and controversies on the prospects of hydrogen, it highlights the opportunities and challenges of introducing hydrogen as alternative fuel in the transport sector from an economic, technical and environmental point of view.
Through its multi-disciplinary approach, it provides researchers, decision makers and policy makers with a solid and wide-ranging knowledge base concerning the hydrogen economy.
Particular highlights include: assessment of the benefits and downsides of hydrogen compared to other alternative fuels; strategies and scenarios for a hydrogen infrastructure build-up; interactions between hydrogen production and the electricity sector; long-term global hydrogen supply scenarios and their impact on resource availability; the potential of hydrogen for decarbonising the transport sector; macro-economic impacts of introducing hydrogen
Preface; 1. Scope of the book Michael Ball; 2. Why hydrogen? Michael Ball; 3. Non-renewable energy resources: fossil fuels, supply and future availability Michael Ball; 4. Non-renewable energy resources: nuclear fuels Michael Ball and Felipe Andres Toro; 5. Assessment of the potentials for renewable energy sources Gustav Resch, Anne Held, Felipe Andres Toro and Mario Ragwitz; 6. Carbon capture and storage Clemens Cremer; 7. Energy chain analysis of hydrogen and its competing alternative fuels for transport Werner Weindorf and Ulrich Bunger; 8. Hydrogen today Martin Wietschel, Michael Ball and Philipp Seydel; 9. Fundamental properties of hydrogen Maximilian Fichtner and Farikha Idrissova; 10. Hydrogen production Michael Ball, Werner Weindorf and Ulrich Bunger; 11. Hydrogen storage Maximilian Fichtner; 12. Hydrogen distribution Michael Ball, Werner Weindorf and Ulrich Bunger; 13. Key role of fuel cells Frank Marscheider-Weidemann, Elna Schirrmeister and Annette Roser; 14. Hydrogen infrastructure build-up in Europe Michael Ball, Philipp Seydel, Martin Wietschel and Christoph Stiller; 15. Building a hydrogen infrastructure in the US Joan Ogden and Christopher Yang; 16. Hydrogen and the electricity sector Martin Wietschel, Clemens Cremer and Michael Ball; 17. Hydrogen corridors Martin Wietschel and Ulrike Hasenauer; 18. Economic impacts of hydrogen Martin Wietschel, Sabine Jokisch, Stefen Boeters, Wolfgang Schade and Philipp Seydel; 19. Sustainable transport visions: the role of hydrogen and fuel cell vehicle technologies Martin Wietschel and Claus Doll; 20. Energy-efficient solutions needed - paving the road for hydrogen Eberhard Jochem; 21. The future of hydrogen - opportunities and challenges Martin Wietschel and Michael Ball; Index.
Michael Ball received his PhD in 2006 from the University of Karlsruhe in the field of energy system modelling, developing a model for hydrogen infrastructure analysis, which served as a tool for producing the European Hydrogen Energy Roadmap. After working as a researcher at the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research, he joined Shell in 2006 as CO2 advisor. His areas of expertise include energy system analysis, well-to-wheel analysis of alternative fuels and carbon abatement options. Dr Ball also served as evaluator of research proposals to the European Commission. Martin Wietschel studied Economy Engineering at the University of Karlsruhe and has been a private lecturer there since 1995. From 1990 to 2002, he was a Research Fellow and, eventually, the head of the research group 'Energy Systems and Environment' at the Institute for Industrial Production, University of Karlsruhe, in the fields of energy system analysis, energy models, emission reduction strategies, environmental instruments and sustainable development. He was the project leader of different national and international research studies in the fields of energy, economics, and the environment. In 2002, Dr Wietschel joined the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research in Karlsruhe as a Senior Scientist.