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About this book
About this book
First published in 1984, this volume and its companion relate to the work of a group of 70 scientists from Britain, China, Pakistan, Switzerland and the USA who visited the highest mountains in the world during the summer of 1980 to conduct a series of inter-related studies. Supported by the leading learned societies and professional institutions in Britain, China and Pakistan, and by government agencies in these countries, the International Karakoram Project was an expedition that fused several individual topics in the earth sciences into a unified and single study of the world's most chaotic, unstable landform.
This volume details many of the techniques, systems, instrumentation and methods of analysis used on the Project.
Contents of Volume 2; Preface; Preface to Volume 1; Acknowledgements; Conference committees; List of authors/members of the project; Conversion units; Proceedings: Part I. Inauguration: 1. Inaugural Address President Zia-ul-Haq; 2. Address by Lord Shackleton K. G.; 3. Address of welcome Minister of Education. Mr Muhammad Ali Khan; 4. Some recent technological advances applied to problems in earth sciences K. J. Miller; Part II. Glaciology: 5. Recent variations of some glaciers in the Karakoram mountains Zhang Xiangsong; 6. Some studies of the Batura glacier in the Karakoram mountains Shi Yafeng and Zhang Xiangsong; 7. Some observations on glacier surges with notes on the Roslin glacier, East Greenland A. J. Colvill; 8. A surging advance of Balt Bare glacier, Karakoram mountains Wang Wenying, Huang Maohuan and Chen Jianming; 9. The distribution of glaciers on the Qinghai-Xizang plateau and its relationship to atmospheric circulation Li Jijun and Xu Shuying; 10. Techniques for the study of glacial fluctuations F. A. Perrott and A. S. Goudie; 11. Survey and analysis systems for the Vatnajokull ice-depth sounding expedition 1977 J. F. Bishop and K. J. Miller; 12. Electronic design and performance of an impulse radar ice-depth sounding system used on the Vatnajokull ice-cap, Iceland A. D. G. Cumming, R. L. Ferrari and G. Owen; 13. Results of impulse radar ice-depth sounding on the Vatnajokull ice-cap, Iceland J. F. Bishop, A. D. G. Cumming, R. L. Ferrari and K. J. Miller; 14. The mechanics of fracture applied to ice K. J. Miller; 15. Fracture toughness of glacier ice R. M. Andrews, A. R. McGregor and K. J. Miller; Part III. Survey: 16. Indo-Asian convergence and the 1913 survey line connecting the Indian and Russian triangulation surveys R. Bilham and D. Simpson; 17. The Pakistan to Russia triangulation connexion: past and projected error analyses T. O. Crompton; 18. Special techniques for surveying on moving terrain J. L. W. Walton; 19. Variations of the Batura glacier's surface from repeated surveys Chen Jianming; 20. Point-positioning by doppler satellite J. P. Allen; Part IV. Earthquakes: 21. Tectonic studies in the Alpine Himalayan belt G. King and J. Jackson; 22. Earthquake activity and tectonics of the Himalaya and its surrounding regions Teng Ji Wen and Lin Ban Zuo; 23. Basement fault reactivation in young fold mountain belts J. A. Jackson; Part V. Housing and Natural Hazards: 24. Experimental studies of the effect of earthquakes on small adobe and masonry buildings D. F. T. Nash and R. J. Spence; 25. Traditional housing in seismic areas R. J. Spence and A. W. Coburn; 26. House types and structures in Chitral District Israr-ud-Din; 27. The vulnerability and reduction of damage risk in small houses subject to natural hazards I. Davis; 28. Settlements and buildings as the physical expression of a culture: a case study in Nigeria J. C. Moughtin; 29. The analysis of local building materials and building techniques R. E. Hughes; Part VI. Geomorphology: 30. Sedimentological analysis of glacial and proglacial debris: a framework for the study of Karakoram glaciers E. Derbyshire; 31. High altitude rock weathering processes W. B. Whalley; 32. Techniques for investigating meltwater runoff and erosion R. I. Ferguson, D. N. Collins and W. B. Whalley; 33. The geomorphology of high magnitude - low frequency events in the Karakoram mountains D. Brunsden and D. K. C. Jones; 34. New perspectives on the Pleistocene and Holocene sequences of the Potwar plateau and adjacent areas of Northern Pakistan H. M. Rendell; 35. The loess of Tajik SSR A. S. Goudie, H. M. Rendell and P. A. Bull.