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Academic & Professional Books  Reference  Physical Sciences  Cosmology & Astronomy

The New Cosmic Onion: Quarks and the Nature of the Universe

By: FE Close
Publisher: CRC Press
The New Cosmic Onion: Quarks and the Nature of the Universe
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  • The New Cosmic Onion: Quarks and the Nature of the Universe ISBN: 9781584887980 Paperback Dec 2006 Usually dispatched within 1-2 weeks
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About this book

Not since Newton's apple has there been a physics phenomenon as deliciously appealing to the masses as Frank Close's "Cosmic Onion". Widely embraced by scientists and laypersons alike, the book quickly became an international bestseller. Translated into seven languages, it propelled the author to become a worldwide celebrity as well as an inspiration to a generation of scientists. The book's title itself has entered popular usage as a metaphor for the layers that can be peeled away to understand the foundations of the physical world, from dimensions and galaxies, to atoms and quarks. 'Close is a lucid, reliable, and enthusiastic guide to the strange and wonderful microcosmic world that dwells deep within reality' - Frank Wilczek, Herman Feshbach Professor of Physics, MIT, 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics NEW Material. This title explains the principles behind the Hadron Collider as well as the potential it presents. It considers the recent development of the Electroweak Theory as a law of nature. It explores the mysteries uncovered and the ones that may be in store with regard to top and bottom quarks. Keeping still-pertinent contents from the original volume that caught the world's attention in 1983, this fresh edition of the Cosmic Onion includes extensive new material to reflect new views of the universe. Providing explanations that explore the foundations of 21st Century science and future directions, this work offers ready access and unique perspectives to more typical topics such as the forces of nature, atoms, the nucleus, and nuclear particles. It also travels down paths that only a true pioneer and educator can venture, such as a discussion of what Professor Close refers to as the Eightfold Way including the findings, surprises, and new questions emerging from the latest work with accelerators.

Contents

THE NATURE OF THE UNIVERSE Inward Bound. The Fly in the Cathedral ATOMS THE NUCLEUS Neutrons and Protons. Radioactivity and Nuclear Fission. Beta Radioactivity and Neutrinos. Nuclear Stability and Where the Elements Came From. Neutrons: When Are They Stable and When Not? THE FORCES OF NATURE Gravity and Electromagnetism. Nuclear Forces NUCLEAR PARTICLES AND THE EIGHTFOLD WAY Pions. Strange Particles. More Hadrons. The Eightfold Way: 'A Periodic Table for the Nuclear Particles' Quarks Quarks and the Eightfold Way Patterns. An 'Atomic' Model of Hadrons. Quarks in the Proton QUANTUM CHROMODYNAMICS: A THEORY FOR QUARKS Colour. Colour and Quark Forces. Gluons. Quantum Chromodynamics and Electrodynamics THE ELECTROWEAK FORCE History. A New Form of Weak Interaction is Predicted. The Discovery of Neutral Currents. Electromagnetic and Weak Interactions Get Together. Does Electron Scattering Respect Mirror Symmetry? Bosons. Discovery of the W Boson. Conclusions FROM CHARM TO TOP The J/cMeson. Charmed Mesons. The J/cSignificance. Charm: A Testbed for Quantum Chromodynamics. How Many Quarks? THE LEP ERA Quantum Foresight CP VIOLATION AND BETA-FACTORIES CP Symmetry. The Strange Case of the Neutral Kaons. Beta Decays among the Generations. Matter to Antimatter. Appendix 11A: CKM and Bottom NEUTRINOS BEYOND THE STANDARD MODEL: GUTS, SUSY AND HIGGS Coincidences? (Particles, Forces). Supersymmetry. Higgs Boson. Why Is 1 TeV Special? COSMOLOGY, PARTICLE PHYSICS, AND THE BIG BANG Dark Energy. Dark Matter. The Universe Today. Five Stages in a Cooling Universe. Light Elements and Neutrinos. Quarksynthesis and the Predominance of Matter. Exodus. Epilogue Glossary

Customer Reviews

By: FE Close
Publisher: CRC Press
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