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This two-volume book set focuses on the Siberian sturgeon, Acipenser baerii Brandt 1869, one of the 27 "existing" sturgeon species, is a native species of the Siberian catchments, where – as in many other parts of the world – the sturgeon populations are now threatened. Sturgeon farming practices targeting caviar and meat production have been expanding worldwide since the 1990s, and have seen a further increase since the turn of the century. Among the handful of sturgeon species used for significant production, the most dominant is the Siberian sturgeon. Given its peculiar phylogenetic position as a chondrostei and its use as a biological model in e.g. France, the species has also attracted the attention of biologists.
The aim of the editors was to provide for the first time a comprehensive and updated synthesis regarding the farming-related biology of the Siberian sturgeon. In light of the abundance of material, it has been divided into two volumes, with a focus on biology and farming, respectively. The main parts of Volume 1 are biology and ecology, biology and physiology of reproduction, and ecophysiology, i.e. adaptation to the environment. In turn, Volume 2 is divided into six parts: reproduction and early ontogenesis, growing, global production, long-term management of brood stock, state of health through welfare and immunology, and ecological risks of installation in non-native waters, illustrated by two long-term documented examples in Russia and France.
Part I: Biology & Ecology
Part II. Biology & Physiology of Reproduction
Part III. Ecophysiology: Adaptation to Environment
Part IV. Specific Methods
Part I: Reproduction and Early Ontogenesis
Part II: Ongrowing
Part III. Production: Caviars: How To Describe And Compare Their Qualities?
Part IV: Long-Term Management of Brood Stock
Part V: Ecological Risks
Part VI: Specific Methods
Patrick Williot spent the three quarters of its professional career primarily to take the challenge of the disappearing of the European sturgeon, Acipenser sturio. To achieve this task, he mobilized all the means of research (both applied and fundamental lines, biological model, national and international cooperation's), and management (private-public partnership, transfer of know-how, installation of a new experimental facility, search for regular financial support). Patrick has developed his activity around the couple [aquaculture-conservation biology]. Patrick stimulated the development of sturgeon farming primarily in France based on the biological model, the Siberian sturgeon, Acipenser baerii. He has been the kingpin of the First International Symposium on sturgeon held in Bordeaux in 1989 where he launched the concept of the international association for the conservation of sturgeons which was installed (the WSCS; wscs.info) some year later. Later on, he edited the peer-reviewed proceedings (Acipenser), served as scientific committee member of further International symposia on sturgeons as well as the sturgeon specialist group of the IUCN, and organized other symposia and workshops. He succeeded in obtaining for the first time the controlled reproduction of farmed European sturgeon in 2007 which avoided the species from a complete disappearing and opened the door for a restoration. Patrick initiated and carried out the editing of Biology and Conservation of the European Sturgeon (2011) and on the biology and farming of the Siberian sturgeon which is in process. Patrick published about 90 papers in peer-reviewed journals or books.
Doctor of the University of Strasbourg, Guy Nonnotte was appointed research officer at the CNRS in the Laboratory of Comparative Physiology of the Regulations at F-Strasbourg in 1974. He conducted original research especially on cutaneous respiration and skin ionic exchanges on many models of freshwater and sea-water fish. In 1986, he joined the Laboratory of Neurobiology and Compared Physiolgy, (CNRS and University of Bordeaux I, F-Arcachon) and pursued research on extracellular acid-base balance and cell volume regulation in fish exposed to environmental changes and pollutants with a specific interest for the model " Siberian sturgeon ". He supervised a thesis on the toxicity of ammonia for the Siberian sturgeon in collaboration with Dr. Patrick Williot. He took also the opportunity to initiate an important collaboration concerning the respiration, the acid-base balance and the physiological effects of environmental stress for the Siberian sturgeon with the Laboratory of Animal Physiology, F-Brest. In 1994, he was appointed Professor of Animal Physiology (fish physiology) at the University of Brest (France) and managed the Laboratory of Cellular Biology and Physiology. He wrote numerous publications in international reviews and managed several thesis on fish physiology. He was also appointed for numerous evaluations and jury of thesis by INRA, IFREMER, INSERM and CNRS. In 2002, he was designed Vice-President of the University of Brest, responsible of the research and in 2007, Emeritus-Professor of the Brest University.
Denise Vizziano-Cantonnet is a Professor of the Facultad de Ciencias at the Universidad de la Republica Oriental del Uruguay (UdelaR) and at the Post-Graduate program Programa de Desarrollo de Ciencias Basicas (PEDECIBA). She is Researcher of the Government System of National Researcher (ANII) and Head of the Department of Animal Biology (UdelaR). She is Doctor of the University of Rennes I (U-Rennes I, France) and made a post-doctoral stay at the INRA of Rennes (France). She worked as Invited Professor at U-Rennes I. She conducted original research on reproductive endrocrinology of fish working in different species of commercial importance as trouts, silverside, croakers and developed for 20 years a Training Course on Reproductibe Phsyiology of Fish for Latino American students promoting the development of this new area of research in the Latin America. She was invited as Professor at different Universities of Latin America (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru) interested to develop Endocrinology of Reproduction of native species key for fish farming. She started to work in Siberian sturgeons when the producers contacted the University to reproduce the species in Uruguay. The first reproduction in captivity of the south hemisphere has been done in Uruguay together with Dr. Patrick Williot by applying the methodology developed by this Researcher in the CEMAGREF (France). She started the first worldwide investigations in the molecular basis of sex differentiation in sturgeons and built a complete gonadal transcriptome of Siberian sturgeons in order to search the master gene for sex determination and genes involved in sex differentiation. In cooperation with specialists on fish evolution (Dr. Jean Nicolas Volff and Dr. Frederic Brunet, University of Lyon) a first study on retrotrasposons has been made using the gonadal transcriptome. A multi-tissue transcriptome is recently built for Siberian sturgeons in cooperation with Ing. Christophe Klopp (Inra, Toulouse) and the team of Dr. Vizziano are now searching for a genetic sex marker that will improve the fundamental research and will have an impact in sturgeon production.
Mikhail S. Chebanov, Prof.,Dr.Sc. is Professor of Department of Aquatic Bioresources and Aquaculture of Kuban State University and Director of State Regional Centre for Sturgeon Gene Pool Conservation "Kubanbioresursi", Ministry of Natural Resources (Krasnodar , Russia). He has developed technology of the all-year-round reproduction of the different sturgeon species as well as the selection and breeding program and the formation of largest sturgeon living gene bank. He was developed and widely implemented the method of ultrasonic diagnostics of sturgeon for optimization of broodstock management. In 2004 he was awarded by Prize of Government of Russia in the field of Science and Technology for "Development and Implementation of technology of control reproduction and commercial rearing of sturgeon "Many years Chebanov serve as director of South Branch Federal Center of Genetics and Selection for Aquaculture, consultant FAO and convener - ad hoc Working Party on Management of Sturgeons European Inland Fisheries Advisory Commission (EIFAC FAO), deputy chair and member - Sturgeon Specialists Group of the World Conservation Union (IUCN). Prof. Chebanov is co-founder and member of Board of Directors - World Sturgeon Conservation Society and has chaired numerous workshops and conference sessions, including several International Symposia on Sturgeon (1993-2017). He is the author of more than 170 scientific papers, including 12 books.