Few animals arouse such strong opinion as the wolf. It occupies a contested, ambiguous, yet central role in human culture and heritage. It appears as both an inspirational emblem of the wild and an embodiment of evil. Offering a mirror to different human attitudes, beliefs, and values, the wolf is, arguably, the species that plays the greatest role in shaping our views on what nature is or should be.
North America and, more recently, Europe have witnessed a remarkable return of the grey wolf (Canis lupus, and its close relative the Eurasian wolf, Canis lupus lupus) to eco-systems. The essays collected here explore aspects of this recovery, and consider the history, literature and myth surrounding this iconic species. There are chapters on wolf taxonomy, including the coywolf, the red wolf, and the many faces of the dingo. We also meet the Tasmanian wolf and encounter Nazi Werewolves from Outer Space. The book explores the challenges of separating fact from fiction and superstition, and our willingness to co-exist with large carnivores in the twenty-first century. Biologists, historians, anthropologists, cultural theorists, conservationists and museologists will all find riches in the detail presented in this wolf collection.
Preface & Acknowledgments
Poem: Trophic Cascade by Camille T. Dungy
Foreword / Luigi Boitani
Part I: Imagining the Wolf
1. The Wolf in the Human Mind Across Space and Time / Erwin van Maanen
2. A History of Wolves and People in France / Jean-Marc MoriceauandP van Maanen
3. Wolves and Other Mammals Hunted in Medieval English Forests / Lee Raye
4. 'Uuluesheued!' The Historical Significance of the Wolf to Early Indo-Europeans / Rob Lenders
5. Wolves Behind Bars / Helen Cowie
6. Nazi Werewolves from Outer Space: Posthuman-wolf-multiplicities and Their (Mis)appropriations / Jamie Mcphie
7. Never Mind the Girl; What about the Wolf? / Marie Addyman
8. Whose Wolf Is It Anyway? Wolves, Wilderness and Belonging / Chris Powici
9. Defined 'as much by their absence as their iconography': Reimagining Wolves in Cumbria in Sarah Hall's The Wolf Border / Penny Bradshaw
10. A 'Wasteland' Infested by Wolves: The Fallacy of 'Dark Age' England / Elizabeth Marshall
Part II: What Makes the Wolf?
11. The Wolf Pack / Peter Davis
12. The Wolf in the Pastoral System of Southern France / Jean-Marc Landry and Jean-Luc Borelli
13.Contemporary Public Images of the Wolf / Helene Figari and Ketil Skogen
14. "The Sweetness of Freedom": Reflections on the Occasion of the Japanese Wolf / Holger Funk
15. Reimagining the Dingo: The 'Australian Wolf' or Just a Feral Dog? / Bradley P. Smith, Robert G. Appleby and Kylie M. Cairns
16. 'Pushing the Ecological Niche: A Sea Wolf Called Takaya.' / Cheryl Alexander and Karen Lloyd
17. 'Hunger-Greedy Appetite': The Wolf in Early-Modern English Natural History / Marie Addyman
18. What About the Coywolf? / Javier D. Monzón
19. Is that a wolf? Politics, Science and Red Wolf Identity / Peter Brewitt and Lawson Giles
20. The Thylacine - A Wolf in Name Only / Stephen R. Sleightholme and Cameron R. Campbell
Part III: Return of the Wolf
21. Landscapes of Coexistence: Livestock and Wolves in the Mountains of North Spain / Nigel Dykes
22. The Wolves of Yellowstone - Saviour of the Songbird or Piece of the Puzzle? / TJ Clark-Wolf, Rene Beyers, Peter Brewitt, Ian Convery & Owen Nevin
23. Wolf-Beaver Dynamics in the Greater Voyageurs Ecosystem, Minnesota / Thomas D. Gable, Sean Johnson-Bice, Austin T. Homkes, Steve K. Windels, John G. Bruggink, and Joseph K. Bump
24. The Return of the Wolf in Germany: A Success Story of Rewilding with a Future? / James Brückner and Erwin van Maanen
25. Finding Common Ground with Wolves: Interspecies Communication is a Shared Landscape / Martin Drenthen
26. The Case for Wolves in the UK / Ian Convery, Owen Nevin, Elsie Blackshaw-Crosby, Deborah Brady & Mark Fisher
Part IV Personal Encounters
27. Tracking Wolves in Western Europe: A Photo-Essay / Photography by Marielle van Uitert and text by Karen Lloyd
28. Speaking Out for Wolves: A Personal Reflection / Tracy Hayes
29. To Receive the Wolf / Karen Lloyd
30. Úlfr and Gris: Spectral Animal Companions of the Atomic Priest / Robert Williams
31. The Three-Legged Stool: Wolves, Shepherds and Sheep / Lee Schofield
32. The Helsfell Wolf / Karen Lloyd
Afterword: The Ecological Disadvantage of Living on an Island / Mark Fisher
Ian Convery is a Professor of Environment & Society at the University of Cumbria. He is a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society and is a director of the Lifescapes Project conservation charity.
Owen T. Nevin is Chief Executive Officer of the Western Australian Biodiversity Science Institute (WABSI), Adjunct Professor of Conservation Biology at CQUniversity Australia and Anniversary Visiting Professor of Conservation Biology at the University of Cumbria.
Erwin van Maanen of EcoNatura is a (conservation) biologist, with a specific interest in mammalian carnivore ecology.
Peter Davis is Emeritus Professor of Museology in the School of Arts and Cultures at Newcastle University, UK. His research interests relate to the connections between place, nature, heritage, communities and sustainability.
Karen Lloyd is the writer in residence with Lancaster University's Future Places Centre. She teaches Lancaster's MA in Creative Writing and lives in the English Lake District.