Titan, the largest of Saturn's moons, shares remarkable similarities with Earth. Its thick atmosphere is composed primarily of nitrogen; it features the most complex organic chemistry known outside of Earth and, uniquely, hosts an analog to Earth's hydrological cycle, with methane forming clouds, rain, and seas. Using the latest data from the ongoing Cassini–Huygens missions, laboratory measurements, and numerical simulations, this comprehensive reference examines the physical processes that shape Titan's fascinating atmospheric structure and chemistry, weather, climate, circulation, and surface geology. Titan: Surface, Atmosphere and Magnetosphere also surveys leading theories about Titan's origin and evolution, and assesses their implications for understanding the formation of other complex planetary bodies. Written by an international team of specialists, chapters offer detailed, comparative treatments of Titan's known properties and discuss the latest frontiers in the Cassini–Huygens mission, offering students and researchers of planetary science, geology, astronomy, and space physics an insightful reference and guide.
Introduction I. C. F. Müller-Wodarg, C. A. Griffith, E. Lellouch and T. E. Cravens
Prologue 1: the genesis of Cassini-Huygens W.-H. Ip, T. Owen and D. Gautier
Prologue 2: building a space flight instrument: a P.I.'s perspective M. Tomasko
1. The origin and evolution of Titan G. Tobie, J. I. Lunine, J. Monteux, O. Mousis and F. Nimmo
2. Titan's surface geology O. Aharonson, A. G. Hayes, P. O. Hayne, R. M. Lopes, A. Lucas and J. T. Perron
3. Thermal structure of Titan's troposphere and middle atmosphere F. M. Flasar, R. K. Achterberg and P. J. Schinder
4. The general circulation of Titan's lower and middle atmosphere S. Lebonnois, F. M. Flasar, T. Tokano and C. E. Newman
5. The composition of Titan's atmosphere B. Bézard, R. V. Yelle and C. A. Nixon
6. Storms, clouds, and weather C. A. Griffith, S. Rafkin, P. Rannou and C. P. McKay
7. Chemistry of Titan's atmosphere V. Vuitton, O. Dutuit, M. A. Smith and N. Balucani
8. Titan's haze R. West, P. Lavvas, C. Anderson and H. Imanaka
9. Titan's upper atmosphere: thermal structure, dynamics, and energetics R. V. Yelle and I. C. F. Müller-Wodarg
10. Titan's upper atmosphere/exosphere, escape processes, and rates D. F. Strobel and J. Cui
11. Titan's ionosphere M. Galand, A. J. Coates, T. E. Cravens and J.-E. Wahlund
12. Titan's magnetospheric and plasma environment J.-E. Wahlund, R. Modolo, C. Bertrucci and A. J. Coates
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Ingo Müller-Wodarg is Reader in Planetary Science at Imperial College London. A specialist in the atmospheres of planets, moons, and smaller objects in our Solar System, he has authored or co-authored more than 50 peer-reviewed scientific papers, including 22 on Titan. He is a team member of the Cassini Ion Neutral Mass Spectrometer, Team Leader for the Venus Express Atmospheric Drag Experiment, and plays key roles in designing forthcoming space missions, including the Jupiter Icy Moon Explorer mission. In 2002, he was awarded a Royal Society University Research Fellowship.
Caitlin Griffith is Professor of Planetary Sciences at the University of Arizona, where she investigates the atmospheres of planets, moons, and exoplanets. She has authored or co-authored 80 peer-reviewed scientific papers, many of which concern Titan. In 1995, she was awarded the National Science Foundation Young Investigator Award. More recently she has served on the NRC Decadal Study and NASA's Planetary Science Subcommittee, which sets scientific priorities for future American space missions. She is currently helping to design two spacecraft missions to study Titan's organic lakes and the atmospheres of expolanets.
Emmanuel Lellouch is an astronomer at the Observatoire de Paris. He has authored or co-authored nearly 200 peer-reviewed scientific papers, including 25 on Titan. He has been a member of instrument teams on several space missions, including the Cassini Composite Infrared Spectrometer and the Huygens Descent Imager/Spectral Radiometer. In 1995, he was awarded the Urey Prize of the Division of Planetary Sciences by the American Astronomical Society.
Tom Cravens is Professor of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Kansas. With more than 200 published papers, he has investigated the sources of x-rays throughout the Solar System as well as the upper atmospheres and ionospheres of most Solar System planets and satellites, including Titan. A fellow of the American Geophysical Union, he is a team member of the Cassini Ion and Neutral Mass Spectrometer, and author of the Cambridge University Press textbook Physics of Solar System Plasmas (1997).