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'If unequal opportunities are large within many countries they are truly staggering on a global scale', so concludes the World Bank's 2006 World Development Report. It is a global unevenness within which the barriers to immigration of Third World migrants to wealthy First World nations go ever higher, whilst the barriers to travel in the reverse direction are all but extinct.
So how exactly can tourism contribute to narrowing this glaring inequality and gap between the rich and the poor? Are ever-expanding tourism markets – and the new, responsible, forms of tourism in particular – a smoke-free, socio-culturally sensitive form of human industrialisation? Is alternative tourism really a credible lever for lifting poverty stricken countries out of the mire of global inequality, setting them on the right track to 'development', and 'making poverty history'?
Tourism and Sustainability, Fourth Edition critically explores and challenges what have emerged as the most significant universal geopolitical norms of the last half century – development, globalisation and sustainability – and through the lens of new forms of tourism demonstrates how we can better understand and get to grips with the rapidly changing new global order. The fourth edition has been extensively updated and includes a new chapter on climate change and sustainable tourism.
Drawing on a range of examples from across the Third World, Tourism and Sustainability, Fourth Edition illustrates the social, economic and environmental conditions for the growth of new tourism. Tourism and Sustainability is original in its assessment of tourism through the lens of power – who holds it; how it is used; and who benefits from the exercise of power in the tourism industry. Additionally, the analysis is an interdisciplinary one and Tourism and Sustainability, Fourth Edition will therefore be useful to students of Human Geography, Environmental Sciences and Studies, Politics, Development Studies, Anthropology and Business Studies as well as Tourism itself.
2. Globalisation, Sustainability, Development
3. Power and Tourism
4. Tourism and Sustainability
Part 2 The Actors
5. A New Class of Tourist: trendies on the trail
6. Socio-Environmental Organisations: where shall we save next?
7. The Industry: lies, damned lies and sustainability
8. 'Hosts' and Destinations: for what we are about to receive
9. Governance, Governments and Tourism: selling the Third World
Part 3 New Issues
10. Climate Change, Carbon Accounting and New Tourism
11. New Tourism and the Poor
12. New Tourism in Cities: guess who's coming to town?
"This book meets the continuing need for a clear-eyed, critical look at the global tourism industry and its sometimes uncomfortable relationship with ongoing problems of uneven development and inequality, especially in the less developed world. Mowforth and Munt write incisively of complex matters, yet their work has a real humanity at its core. This new edition will be a key resource for another generation of students and researchers."
– Dr Mark Hampton, Reader in Tourism Management, University of Kent
"Commonly associated with lightness and frivolity, with sand beaches and holidays, the authors fully succeed in their goal of repositioning tourism as a serious and important discipline within political science and development. In this fourth edition Mowforth and Munt masterfully accomplish what seemed impossible: they deepen further the enquiry, updating throughout with new events and case studies, and adding three new chapters bridging the links between tourism and poverty, human security, migration, terrorism and urbanisation. Never before has an analysis been so far-reaching, so present-to-day, so perceptive. An essential volume for students and academics across a wide range of disciplines and for all those interested in understanding our contemporary world through the powerful lens that tourism offers."
– Professor Andréa Sousa Dantas, Department of Tourism, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil
"In short, this fourth edition updates the states of matter and analysis of the debates raised in the past, and introduces new issues that increasingly abundant academic literature has generated in recent years. It does so by staying away from the conformist or slightly reformist visions, as already mentioned, they are dominant. Thanks to all this, it remains a necessary reference text, essential to understand the development of the tourism phenomenon (especially in countries of the global South) and to meet the academic analysis done about it."
– Jordi Gascón, Universitat de Barcelona & Foro de Turismo Responsable