The family Phasianidae includes some of nature's most striking avian gems. Not only are they among the grandest, most sought after in aviculture, they are as diverse and breathtaking as the landscapes they inhabit. The genus Phasianus or 'true pheasants' has the most expansive range of all. True Pheasants introduces the entire genus. For the first time this group has been documented by the largest compilation of skins to date, providing a tangible and accurate guide for aviculture as well as bringing awareness to these magnificent and grossly overlooked game birds. Considered by many to be jewels of nature, Phasianus faces elimination in its Asian range, and hybridization in captivity. Wishing to preserve for posterity the true phenotypes, the author presents an in-depth study of this genre, which includes actual museum specimens, detailed anatomical plates, helpful identification methods and distribution information.