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Academic & Professional Books  Earth System Sciences  Geosphere  Volcanology

Volcanoes: Encounters Through the Ages

Popular Science
By: David M Pyle(Author)
224 pages, 83 colour photos and colour illustrations
NHBS
Combining a remarkable collection of beautiful historical illustrations with eyewitness accounts of past volcanic eruptions, this book explores how our understanding of volcanoes changed over time.
Volcanoes: Encounters Through the Ages
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  • Volcanoes: Encounters Through the Ages ISBN: 9781851244591 Paperback Mar 2017 Usually dispatched within 48 hours
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About this book

For centuries, volcanic eruptions have captured our imaginations. Whether as signposts to an underworld, beacons to ancient mariners, or as an extraordinary manifestation of the natural world, volcanoes have intrigued many people, who have left records of their encounters in letters, reports and diaries and through sketches and illustrations. Volcanoes: Encounters Through the Ages tells the stories of volcanic eruptions around the world, using original illustrations and first-hand accounts to explore how our understanding of volcanoes has evolved through time.

Written accounts include Pliny's description of the 79 CE eruption of Vesuvius, stories recounted by seventeenth-century sea-farers, and reports of expeditions made by eighteenth- and nineteenth-century natural historians, including Alexander von Humboldt and Charles Darwin. Illustrations range from fragments of scrolls, buried in the great eruption of Vesuvius that destroyed Pompeii, to Athanasius Kircher's extraordinarily detailed sketches, made in the seventeenth century, to the spectacular London sunsets caused by Krakatoa's eruption in 1883. They also include the first photograph of a volcanic eruption and twenty-first-century imaging of Santorini.

These varied and compelling accounts enrich our perspective on current studies of volcanoes and challenge us to think about how we might use our contemporary understanding of volcanology to prepare for the next big eruption.

Contents

Foreword
Introduction
- Volcanoes and the heat of the Earth
- Plate tectonics
- Oceanic Ridges and Continental Rifts
- A Volcanic Arc: Chile Measuring Volcanoes

Chapter 1 - Volcanoes in Early Manuscripts
- Hades
- Volcanoes of the Atlantic Ocean
- The Mediterranean
- The Sixteenth Century
- Athanasius Kircher

Chapter 2 - Vesuvius awakes
- December 1631 Etna
- 1669 William Hamilton
- 1817 eruption
- 1834 eruption
- 1906 eruption
- Vesuvius and Popular Culture
- The first volcanic photograph

Chapter 3 - The origins of lava
- Polygonal rocks
- Melting Rocks
- Field Examples

Chapter 4 - Europeans explore the world's volcanoes
- Pirates and Burning Islands
- Eighteenth-century Explorers
- Nineteenth-century Natural Historians
- Hawaii

Chapter 5 - World-changing eruptions
- Appearing and Disappearing Islands
- Jorullo and Paricutin
- Laki, 1783
- Tambora, 1815
- Krakatoa, 1883

Chapter 6 - Living with Volcanoes
- Montserrat St Vincent May 1902
- The destruction of St Pierre, Martinique

Chapter 7 - Detecting the next volcanic eruption
- Santorini, Greece
- Why can't we predict volcanic eruptions?
- What if there was a supervolcanic eruption?
- Gazetteer of eruptions

Notes
Bibliography
Index

Customer Reviews (1)

  • A remarkable collection of images
    By Leon (NHBS Catalogue Editor) 7 Nov 2018 Written for Paperback


    I will immediately admit that I have retained a boyish fascination with volcanoes. And, as Volcanoes: Encounters Through the Ages shows, I am not alone. Written by volcanologist David M. Pyle to accompany a 2017 spring exhibition at the Bodleian Library in Oxford, this book brings together many historical illustrations from their collections to show how volcanoes have been represented and described over time, and how this has shaped our present understanding. I have not visited the Bodleian Library before, but this book makes me wish I had.

    Pyle immediately points out that this is not a textbook (for that, see e.g. Volcanoes), but even so, the introduction explains the basics of plate tectonics (see also my review of The Tectonic Plates are Moving!) and how that creates hotspots of volcanic eruptions. After this, Pyle takes a look at the historical written record, acknowledging, but not further considering, that oral history might record even older eruptions (see my review of The Edge of Memory).

    By necessity, this book takes a look at the more representative examples of historical records of volcanic eruptions. Greek and Roman philosophers already described them, but the book leans heavily towards descriptions from the 1600s onwards. This includes eruptions of the Vesuvius and Etna volcanoes in Italy, but also the many volcanoes early explorers encountered around the world in Iceland, Southeast Asia, South America, and the Pacific. There are the volcanic islands that can rise above, and sometimes again disappear below the waves in a matter of weeks (notably the island of Surtsey that appeared off the coast of Iceland in 1963 and became an open laboratory to study how new land is colonised by plants and other life forms, see Surtsey: Ecosystems Formed).

    Other examples include historical eruptions around the 1900s in the Caribbean that caused much destruction on the islands of Montserrat and St. Vincent. And, of course, some of the largest eruptions in the last few hundred years are included, namely the well-documented eruptions of Krakatoa, Laki, and Tambora (each the subject of excellent books, see Krakatoa, Island on Fire, and Tambora). Notably missing and only mentioned in passing are recent eruptions such as Pinatubo and Mount St. Helens (the latter is well represented in the literature though, see for example In the Path of Destruction and Eruption: The Untold Story of Mount St. Helens).

    Pyle liberally quotes from eyewitness testimony of eruptions, and the ideas of early geologists and natural historians who were trying to understand how volcanoes worked. Some of their ideas were remarkably prescient and stand, sometimes little modified, to this day. Finally, he explores the continued difficulty of predicting eruptions, as well as the potentially devastating impact of the rare eruptions of supervolcanoes (for more on those, see also Super Volcano, Eruptions that Shook the World, and When Humans Nearly Vanished)

    The highlight of this book, though, are the numerous historical illustrations that were included in the exhibition and that are collected in this book. From woodcuts and paintings to old maps and the first photographs, this is a remarkable and beautiful collection. The reproduction is excellent, though some double-page spreads unfortunately end up hiding some of the details in their inner margins (this is something you see an awful lot in art and photo books and always makes me question how it is we still have not satisfactorily solved this). Other images are spread over one-and-a-half page, where this is less of a problem; illustrators naturally put the important things in the centre of their image.

    Though it is by no means a comprehensive text, the unique collection of historical images makes Volcanoes: Encounters Through the Ages a must for anyone interested in volcanoes. I expect that even seasoned readers in this subject will not have seen many of the wonderful illustrations that have been reproduced here. My only regret after reading this book is that I did not visit the exhibition when it was on.
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Biography

David M. Pyle is a volcanologist and Professor of Earth Sciences at the University of Oxford.

Popular Science
By: David M Pyle(Author)
224 pages, 83 colour photos and colour illustrations
NHBS
Combining a remarkable collection of beautiful historical illustrations with eyewitness accounts of past volcanic eruptions, this book explores how our understanding of volcanoes changed over time.
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