About this book
Volcanoes are a vital presence in our world, and play a key role in maintaining the human eco-environment through soil enrichment and atmospheric inputs. They are also hazardous features, whose eruptions have not only killed many hundreds of thousands of people in recorded history, but have also greatly influenced both the development of human culture and the evolution of human species. Volcanoes commonly form beautiful landscapes, and form the principal features of national parks all over the world, serving as magnets that attract millions of visitors each year.
Hundreds of millions of other people live on or in the shadows of active volcanoes. Most of these people have only a shallow, passing interest in the volcanoes they see, but there is a certain large, enthusiastic cohort of these people whose fascination with volcanoes leads them travel to see volcanoes close-up, and to seek authoritative volcanological information.
PART I - INTRODUCTION
1. Eruptions, Jargon, and History
PART II - THE BIG PICTURE
2. Global Perspectives - Plate Tectonics and Volcanism
3. The Nature of Magma - Where Volcanoes Come From
4. The Physical Properties of Magma and Why it Erupts
PART III - VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS AND THEIR PRODUCTS
5. Classifying Volcanic Eruptions
6. Effusive Volcanic Eruptions and Their Products
7. An Overview of Explosive Eruptions and Their Products
8. A Closer Look at Large-scale Explosive Eruptions
PART IV - VOLCANIC LANDFORMS AND SETTINGS
9. Constructional ("Positive") Volcanic Landforms
10. "Negative" Volcanic Landforms - Craters and Calderas
11. Mass-wasting Processes and Products
12. Volcanoes Unseen and Far Away
PART V - HUMANISTIC VOLCANOLOGY
13. Volcanoes: Life, Climate, and Human History
14. Volcanic Hazards and Risk - Monitoring and Mitigation
15. Economic Volcanology
Epilogue: The Future of Volcanology
Appendix: List of Prominent World Volcanoes
Map: Prominent World Volcanoes
Jack Lockwood worked for the US Geological Survey for over 30 years, including 20 years in Hawaii, based at the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. He now runs a consulting business, Geohazards Consultants International.
Richard (Rick) Hazlett is Coordinator of the Environmental Analysis Program and a member of the Geology Department at Pomona College in Claremont, California, where he teaches an upper-level course in physical volcanology.