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About this book
About this book
This book publishes the proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Modelling, Measuring and Prediction of Water Pollution. Water pollution is a subject of growing public concern. The scientific community has responded very rapidly to the need for studies capable of relating the pollutant discharge with changes in the water quality. The results of these studies are permitting industries to employ more efficient methods of controlling and treating waste loads, and water authorities to enforce stricter regulations regarding this matter. Bringing together papers from world renowned experts in this field, the text encompasses themes such as: Groundwater and Aquifer Contamination; Wastewater Treatment; Re-use of Water; Lakes, Rivers and Wetlands; Coastal Areas and Seas; Biological Effects; Agricultural Pollution; Oil Spills; Mathematical and Physical Modeling; Experimental and Laboratory Work; Surveying Techniques, Monitoring and Remote Sensing; Remediation Studies; Health Risk; Social and Economic Issues; Pollution Prevention; GIS and Remote Sensing Applications; Environmental Management and Decision Analysis; Environmental Impact Assessment.
Section 1: Coastal areas and seas Dynamics of lagoon ecosystems; Contribution to the preservation of healthy coastal ecosystems; 'Health Examination' - a semi-enclosed coastal environment: a new concept for marine environmental monitoring; The improvement of the environment in the sea by the creation of tidal flats and shallow waters utilizing dredged sand; Heavy metals (Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn) in two species of limpets (Patella rustica and Patella candei crenata) in the Canary Islands, Spain; General trends in the soft bottom environment of the Ekofisk region, Norwegian sector Section 2: Lakes and rivers Estimation of user benefit for river water quality: Indian case study; Wastewater discharge impact on an important river of the Lerma Chapala watershed, Mexico; A study of anthropogenic, marine and other influences upon water chemistry in Hong Kong rivers; Study on hydro-environment stabilization of artificial lakes in karst areas; Flow rate and hydrochemistry in areas of sand mining activities; Speciation of trace elements in sediments from Dongting Lake, central China; The effect of phosphorus on nitrogen retention in lakes; Towards a good surface water state in the Flemish Region of Belgium with the Environmental Costing Model; Evaluating alternative river management options in the tidal Ouse, UK; An assessment of water withdrawal effect on water quality of the downstream river at the Mamloo Dam site using the QUAL2E model; Hydrological and water quality modeling in the Ontario River basins: comparison of model results Section 3: Groundwater and aquifer issues Complex hydrogeological modeling of multifunctional artificial recharge options of the Great-Forest Park in Debrecen, Hungary; Impact of ground water level oscillations on lead concentration in the Jaworzno area; An improvement of Cr+6 removal by the reduction to Cr+3 in Birjand ground water treatment; Bio-translation of aniline in riverbank filtration under sulfate-reducing conditions; Sorption phenomena of nitroaromatic compounds in geochemical variable soils represented on the basis of column tests under in-situ conditions; Comparison with GW predictive modelling, pilot tests and design of an injection hydraulic barrier; Risk of well water pollution from the surface of a recharge area Section 4: Oil spills Numerical study of an oil spill containment boom by the finite-element method; Quantitative techniques to discriminate petroleum oils using LED-induced fluorescence; Robust optimisation of coastal environmental impact from oil spills using a flexible evolution agent and finding the optimal course of the damaged tanker; Removal of chloride from harbor oily sludge by electrostatic desalting; The use of cotton grass as oil sorbent in marine environmental protection - preliminary results from experiments; Device for simultaneous recovery and containment of spilled oil from the seawater surface Section 5: Agricultural pollution Toxicity determination of various phenoxyalkanoic acid herbicides using cress seed in phosphate contaminated aqueous media; Determining transport parameters for unsaturated porous media in flow-tank experiments using image analysis Section 6: Environmental monitoring and sensing Comparing biomarker responses with risk estimates used for decision analysis; Marine environment monitoring in coastal Sicilian waters; Remote sensing of marine oil spills from airborne platforms using multi sensor systems; Design of a National Radioactivity Monitoring Programme (NRMP) to monitor surface water resources in South Africa Section 7: Experimental and laboratory work Using fluorescence for a full spectral analysis of dissolved and gaseous oxygen within a sand bed; The effect of implemented pulsed electric field (PEF) treatment on the dehydrogenase activity of activated sludge; Transport parameter estimation in homogeneous and two-layered porous media using two different methods: genetic algorithm and image analysis; Detection and analysis of volatile organic chemicals in waste water using an electronic nose; Use of pH, contact time, chlorine dose and temperature on the formation of trihalomethane and some predictive models; Experimental analysis of first foul flush in an industrial area Section 8: Mathematical and physical modelling Ecosystem and assimilative capacity of rivers with control structures; Modeling of thermal pollution in the northern coastal area of the Persian Gulf and its economical and environmental assessment; Analysis of the convective drying of residual sludge: from the experiment to the simulation; Variable time stepping in parallel particle models for transport problems in shallow waters Section 9: Wastewater treatment Evaluation of a novel membrane bioreactor system for water reuse applications in urban environments; Design of a novel cellulose-based adsorbent for use in heavy metal recovery from aqueous waste streams; Industrial implementation of a biosorption system with GAC; Carrier technology/humic additives to upgrade biological water treatment; Selective adsorption of Cu(II) from synthetic wastewater using melamine formaldehyde-NTA resin; Evaluation of physicochemical parameters influencing bulking episodes in a municipal wastewater treatment plant; Advanced oxidation of photographic processing effluents on novel heterogeneous fibrous catalyst; Linear alkybenzene sulfonate and alkyl sulfate biodegradation in laboratory and field activated sludge systems; High concentration of ozone application by the DAF (Dissolved Air Flotation) system to treat livestock wastewater; Evaluation of anaerobic sludge activity in wastewater treatment plants in Nicaragua; Phylogenetic diversity of procaryotae and their contribution to excess sludge demineralization in a gravel contact oxidation reactor; Multiple plunging jet aeration system and parameter modelling by neural network and support vector machines; Feasibility study on the application of fly ash as a barrier material in containment systems Section 10: Pollution prevention A method for a precautionary assessment of aquifer vulnerability to pollution; Physical, chemical and microbiological characteristics of stored greywater from unsewered urban Dakar, Senegal; Three critical factors and their influence on the spread of microbiological waterborne diseases in sub Saharan countries (with special emphasis on cholera)