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This book provides an accessible and practical approach to the key areas involved in this developing subject. The book contains numerous global case studies throughout the text that take the reader from the field, to the lab analysis to the court room, giving a complete insight into the path of forensic evidence and demonstrating how current techniques can be applied to wildlife forensics.
With numerous global examples of various types of wildlife crimes, this is a useful reference for the application of forensic techniques to the field of wildlife crime. It covers a number of different areas in forensics, entomology, hair identification, use of DNA for individualization and species identification. The book also includes reference material pertaining to the field of wildlife forensics and demonstrates how other areas of forensic science integrate to support wildlife forensic investigations.
The book contains approaches that wildlife forensic investigators and laboratory technicians can employ in investigations and effectively illustrates various methods through case studies. It provides the direction and practical advice required by legal and police professionals seeking to gain the evidence needed to prosecute wildlife crimes. The book brings together in one text various aspects of wildlife forensics, toxicology, entomology, serology hair identification, and DNA analysis. Case studies discussed in the book take the reader from the field, to the lab analysis to the court room and provide a complete overview of handling a case. This title is an invaluable reference providing investigators, laboratory technicians and students in forensic science/conservation biology classes with practical guidance and best methods for criminal investigations applied to wildlife crime.
Developments in Forensic Science xiii
About the Editors xv
List of Contributors xvii
1 Wildlife Ownership 1
2 Society for Wildlife Forensic Science 15
3 The Application of Forensic Science to Wildlife Evidence 35
4 Defining a Crime Scene and Physical Evidence Collection 51
5 Forensic Evidence Collection and Cultural Motives for Animal Harvesting 65
6 Forensic Entomology and Wildlife 81
7 Wildlife Forensic Pathology and Toxicology in Wound Analysis and Pesticide Poisoning 109
8 The Use of Hair Morphology in the Identification of Mammals 129
9 Plants and Wildlife Forensics 145
10 Identification of Reptile Skin Products Using Scale Morphology 161
11 Best Practices in Wildlife Forensic DNA 201
12 Statistics for Wildlife Forensic DNA 237
13 Forensic DNA Analysis of Wildlife Evidence 253
14 DNA Applications and Implementation 271
15 Conservation Genetics and Wildlife Forensics of Birds 293
16 Wildlife Forensics in Thailand: Utilization of Mitochondrial DNA Sequences 327
17 The Future of Wildlife Forensic Science 343
Dr. Jane Huffman, Ph.D. is the director of the Northeast Wildlife DNA Laboratory at East Stroudsburg University, where her work focuses on the application of genetic methods to wildlife law enforcement and conservation management. She runs wildlife DNA forensic training courses for conservation officers from New Jersey and Pennsylvania. She, along with her students, has undertaken a wide range of applied research projects including the development of DNA profiling systems for game species in PA and NJ and microscopic hair characterization. The laboratory provides species identification tests for illegally sold wild meat. She provides forensic analysis and expert witness testimony in PA wildlife crime prosecutions. Dr. Huffman is also the graduate student coordinator for the Department of Biological Sciences at East Stroudsburg University.
Dr. John R. Wallace, Ph.D., D-ABFE, F-AAFS, is one of 15 board-certified forensic entomologists and a diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Entomology. Dr. Wallace is a Professor of Biology and focuses on teaching courses in Entomology, Aquatic Biology, Aquatic Entomology, Forensic Entomology, Forensic Science, and Ecology and Evolution. His research interests cover topics such as mosquito and disease ecology as well as mosquito and blackfly surveillance, and the role of aquatic organisms such as insects, algae and crayfish on decomposition within forensic science.
As a forensic entomologist, Dr. Wallace has participated in criminal investigations all over the country since 1995. He has taught forensic entomology courses at the University level and workshops at various universities to law enforcement throughout the United States, published more than 45 articles or book chapters in National/International journals. He is a Fellow of the American Academy of Forensic Science and an active member since 2002. Dr. Wallace is a co-founder and past President of the North American Forensic Entomology Association (NAFEA) in 2005 as well as the editor-elect for the NAFEA newsletter.