Series: Records of the Zoological Survey of India Occasional Papers Volume: 112
By: DR Jalihal(Author), Shakuntala Shenoy(Author), KN Sankolli(Author)
74 pages, b/w illustrations
From the introduction:
"The inland northern part of Karnataka State, India, abounds in varieties of freshwater bodies such as rivers, lakes, tanks, reservoirs, nerennial and seasonal ponds, stagnant pools etc., and contributes to a subsistence level freshwater prawn fishery locally. However, practically no information was available on these prawns. As such, the present work on the freshwater prawns was undertaken. The study is based mainly on material collected in and around Dharwad (Dharwad District) in the jurisdiction of the Karnatak University where most of the work was carried out, though material was also obtained from other areas such as Kadra (North Kanara or Uttara Kannada District), Karkala (South Kanara or Dakshina Kannada District), Khanapur (Belgaum District), Gulbarga (Gulbarga District) and Bangalore (Bangalore District) representing the three natural geographical regions viz. coastal strip, Sahyadris or Western Ghats, and Deccan plateau of Karnataka State (latitudes 11° to 18° North and longitudes 74° to 78° East).
The freshwater prawns of Karnataka State belong to two families viz. Atyidae – represented by the genera Caridina and Caridinides and Palaemonidae – represented by the genus Macrobrachium. The genus Caridina comprising five new species has been described elsewhere (Jalihal et al., 1984), while studies on Caridinides are still in progress. In the present paper, only the genus Macrobrachium representing the following ten species has been dealt with: M. lamarrei lamarrei (H. Milne Edwards, 1837), M. canarae (Tiwari, 1958), M. sankolii n. sp., M. unikarnatakae n. sp., M. tiwarii n. sp., M. kistnensis (Tiwari, 1952) M. banjarae (Tiwari, 1958), M. hendersodayanum (Tiwari, 1952), M. scabriculum (Heller, 1862), and M. idella (Hilgendorf, 1898)"
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