Urban water conflicts, manifested first in Europe in the 19th century and observed nowadays in various forms in developing countries, characterize complex socioeconomic and institutional issues related to urban water management. The public versus private debate is frequently associated with conflicts over water and sanitation services. The less considered issue of centralization versus decentralization also needs to be taken in the same context as these are often intertwined.
This volume presents a collection of essays on socioeconomic and institutional aspects of urban water management, focusing on water and sanitation services. The book examines interdisciplinary approaches to understanding and analyzing urban water conflicts manifested in different ways and levels. Conflict analysis is addressed in some essays by taking into account economic, environmental, social dimensions of sustainability. The issue of institutional conflicts between different levels of government in relation to urban water management is also discussed in some case-studies.
1. Introduction 2. Urban water conflicts in recent European history: changing interactions between technology, environment and society 3. Water, public responsibility and equity: the Barcelona 'water war' of the 1990s 4. Full circle? Public responsibility versus privatization of water supplies in the United States 5. Public--Private Partnership in courts: the rise and fall of concessions to supply drinking water in France (1875--1928) 6. In search of the (hidden) Portuguese urban water conflicts: the Lisbon water story (1856--2006) 7. Water supply services in the cities of Brazil: conflicts, challenges and new opportunities in regulation 8. Urban water conflicts in Buenos Aires: voices questioning the sustainability of the water and sewerage concession 9. In search of meaningful interdisciplinarity: understanding urban water conflicts in Mexico 10. Conflict vs. cooperation between the state and civil society: a water demand management comparison between Cape Town and Johannesburg, South Africa 11. Conflicts of influence and competing models: the boom in community-based privatization of water services in sub-Saharan Africa 12. Conflicts over water supply in Jakarta, Indonesia 13. Man-made scarcity, unsustainability and urban water conflicts in Indian cities 14. Urban water conflicts in the Western USA 15. Urban water reform in Italy: a live bomb behind outward unanimity 16. Water infrastructures between commercialization and shrinking 17. Urban water conflicts and sustainability: an ecological--economic approach
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CNRS, LATTS - Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussees, Marne la Vallee, France