Neotectonics involves the study of the motions and deformations of the Earth's crust that are current or recent in geologic time. The Mediterranean region is one of the most important regions for neotectonics and related natural hazards. Active Global Seismology focuses on the neotectonics of the Eastern Mediterranean region, which has experienced many major extensive earthquakes, including the devastating Izmit, Turkey earthquake on August 17, 1999. The event lasted for 37 seconds, killing around 17,000 people, injuring 44,000 people, and leaving approximately half a million people homeless. Since then, several North American, European, and Turkish research groups have studied the neotectonics and earthquake potential of the region using different geological and geophysical methods, including GPS studies, geodesy, and passive source seismology. Some results from their studies were presented in major North American and European geological meetings.
Active Global Seismology highlights the work involving the Eastern Mediterranean region, which has one of the world's longest and best studied active strike-slip (horizontal motion) faults: the east-west trending North Anatolian fault zone, which is very similar to the San Andreas fault in California. Active Global Seismology features discussions of:
- Widespread applications in measuring plate motion that have strong implications in predicting natural disasters like earthquakes, both on a regional and a global scale
- Recent motions, particularly those produced by earthquakes, that provide insights on the physics of earthquake recurrence, the growth of mountains, orogenic movements, and seismic hazards
- Unique methodical approaches in collecting tectonophysical data, including field, seismic, experimental, computer-based, and theoretical approaches.
Active Global Seismology is a valuable resource for geoscientists, particularly in the field of tectonophysics, geophysics, geodynamics, seismology, structural geology, environmental geology, and geoengineering.
1 Neotectonics and Earthquake Potential of the Eastern Mediterranean Region: Introduction 1
Ibrahim Çemen and Yücel Yılmaz
Part I: Morphotectonic Characteristics of Neotectonics in Anatolia and Its Surroundings 9
2 Morphotectonic Development of Anatolia and the Surrounding Regions 11
3 Diversion of River Courses Across Major Strike-Slip Faults and Keirogens 93
A. M. Celâl Şengör
Part II: Neotectonics of the Aegean-Western Anatolian Region 103
4 Effect of Slab-Tear on Crustal Structure in Southwestern Anatolia: Insight From Gravity Data Modeling 105
Rezene Mahatsente, Süleyman Alemdar, and Ibrahim Çemen
5 Geodynamical Models for Continental Delamination and Ocean Lithosphere Peel Away in an Orogenic Setting 121
Oğuz H. Göğüş, Russell N. Pysklywec, and Claudio Faccenna
6 Major Problems of Western Anatolian Geology 141
7 The Çataldağ Plutonic Complex in Western Anatolia: Roles of Different Granites on the Crustal Buildup in Connection With the Core Complex Development 189
Ömer Kamacı, Alp Ünal, Şafak Altunkaynak, Stoyan Georgiev, and Zeki M. Billor
Part III: Seismotectonics in the Eastern Mediterranean Region 223
8 Fault Structures in Marmara Sea (Turkey) and Their Connection to Earthquake Generation Processes 225
9 North Aegean Active Fault Pattern and the 24 May 2014, Mw 6.9 Earthquake 239
Sotiris Sboras, Alex Chatzipetros, and Spyros B. Pavlides
10 Seismic Intensity Maps for the Eastern Part of the North Anatolian Fault Zone (Turkey) Based on Recorded and Simulated Ground-Motion Data 273
Aysegul Askan, Shaghayegh Karimzadeh, and Mustafa Bilal
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