The Arctic is often portrayed as being isolated, but the reality is that the connectivity with the rest of the planet is huge, be it through weather patterns, global ocean circulation, and large-scale migration patterns to name but a few. There is a huge amount of public interest in the 'changing Arctic', especially in terms of the rapid changes taking place in ecosystems and exploitation of resources. There can be no doubt that the Arctic is at the forefront of the international environmental science agenda, both from a scientific aspect, and also from a policy/environmental management perspective.
This book aims to stimulate a wide audience to think about the Arctic by highlighting the remarkable breadth of what it means to study its ecology. Arctic Ecology seeks to systematically introduce the diverse array of ecologies within the Arctic region. As the Arctic rapidly changes, understanding the fundamental ecology underpinning the Arctic is paramount to understanding the consequences of what such change will inevitably bring about.
Arctic Ecology is designed to provide graduate students of environmental science, ecology and climate change with a source where Arctic ecology is addressed specifically, with issues due to climate change clearly discussed. It will also be of use to policy-makers, researchers and international agencies who are focusing on ecological issues and effects of global climate change in the Arctic.
List of Contributors
Chapter 1. What is the Arctic? / Kjell Danell
Chapter 2. Arctic ecology - a palaeoenvironmental perspective / Michael Pisaric and John P. Smol
Chapter 3. Climate change in the Arctic / Edward Hanna, Joseph E. Nolan, James E. Overland and Richard J. Hall
Chapter 4. Arctic permafrost and ecosystem functioning / Torben R. Christensen
Chapter 5. Arctic tundra / John Hobbie, Gaius Shaver, Toke Høye and Joseph Bowden
Chapter 6. Ecology of Arctic glaciers / Alexandre M. Anesio and Johanna Laybourn-Parry
Chapter 7. Ecology of Arctic lakes and ponds / Erik Jeppesen, Kirsten S. Christoffersen, Milla Rautio and Torben L. Lauridsen
Chapter 8. Ecology of Arctic streams and rivers / Alexander D. Huryn
Chapter 9. Ecology of Arctic pelagic communities / Malin Daase, Jørgen Berge, Janne E. Søreide and Stig Falk-Petersen
Chapter 10. Ecology of Arctic sea ice / CJ Mundy and Klaus M. Meiners
Chapter 11. Ecology of Arctic shallow subtidal and intertidal benthos / Paul E. Renaud, Jan Marcin Weslawski and Kathleen Conlan
Chapter 12. Ecology of Arctic shelf and deep ocean benthos / Monika Kedra and Jacqueline M. Grebmeier
Chapter 13. Fat, furry, flexible and functionally important: Characteristics of mammals living in the Arctic / Niels M. Schmidt, Olivier Gilg, Jon Aars and Rolf A. Ims
Chapter 14. Ecology of Arctic Birds / Anthony D. Fox
Chapter 15. Arctic Ecology, indigenous peoples and environmental governance / Mark Nuttall
David N. Thomas is Professor of Arctic Ecosystem Research in the Faculty of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki. Previously he spent 24 years in the School of Ocean Sciences, Bangor University, Wales. He studies marine systems, with a particular emphasis on sea ice and land-coast interactions in the Arctic and Southern Oceans as well as the Baltic Sea. He also edited a related book: Sea Ice, 3rd Edition (2017), which is also published by Wiley-Blackwell.