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About this book
About this book
A fundamental requirement of Agenda 21 of UNCED is to support sustainable development while safeguarding the Earth's environment. This requires optimal management of natural resources which depends on the availability of reliable and timely information at the global, national, regional and local scales. One such technology, 'Geoinformatics', consisting of Remote Sensing (RS), Geographical Information System (GIS), and Global Positioning System (GPS) is source of reliable and timely information needed for natural resource management, environmental protection and addressing issues related to sustainable development. It offers a powerful tool for resource assessment, mapping, monitoring, modeling, management etc. It is also capable to make use of recent developments in the digital integration of human reasoning, data and dynamic models. These tools have been available for past three decades.
Many institutions and organizations are carrying out various research and operational applications of direct relevance particular to natural resource management. However, there are still limitations in understanding the underlying science and research elements, as there are larger questions of capacity building to use geoinformatics in natural resource management and associated sustainable development applications. These programs also find gaps between the theoretical concepts and the operational utilization of these tools. This could be solved by providing wide range of applications and prospective potential of this technology to the students and research community in this area. "Geoinformatics for Natural Resource Management" contains chapters written by noted researchers and experts. The focus emerged with filling a gap in the available literature on the subject by bringing together the concepts, theories and experiences of the experts in this field.
Preface; Geoinformatics for Natural Resource Management -- An Introduction; In-situ & Remote Sensing Analysis of Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) Occurrences Associated with Ocean Environments in the South China Sea; Monitoring shallow lakes in the Pampas; Applications of satellite remote sensing & GIS to oceanography & fisheries: Case studies in the Western Iberia; Determining evapotranspiration & assessing the predictability of vegetation condition using satellite remote sensing methods; Geoinformatics for water accumulation modelling -- A case study of India; Decision Support System (DSS) based on automatic water balance computation for groundwater management planning: The case of Israel's Coastal aquifer; Enhancing Community Resilience through Information Management: Flood Risk Mapping in Central Vietnam; Systematic Assessment of Forest Cover Change & Forest Fragmentation in Indian Sub-Continent using Multi-Scale Satellite Remote Sensing Inputs; Spatiotemporal Dynamics of Land Use/Land Cover & Timber Carbon Storage: A Case Study from Bulanikdere, Turkey; Mapping of Terrestrial Carbon Sources & Sinks through Remote Sensing & Inputs; Geo-information for Sustainable Development of Agriculture -- Some Examples of North India; Fuzzy Clustering Algorithms for Irrigated Area Classification from IRS LISS Data; Remote Sensing & GIS Aided Land Degradation Assessment in the Greater Mekong Sub-Region; Remote Sensing techniques for Geological mapping & exploration; Application of Soft Computing for Landslide Prediction, Prevention & Mitigation; Land Subsidence Phenomena: Recent Developments in Measurement Techniques by Space-borne Approach & Modelling; Impact of Informal Settlements of Urban Environment; Geoinformatics for Urbanisation & Urban Sprawl pattern analysis; Potential of the Information Technology for the Public Participation in the Urban Planning; Exploring Alternate Futures with GIS -- A Planning Support System; Using SDI & Service-based Systems to Facilitate Natural Resource Management; Fundamentals for using Geographic Information Science to Measure the Effectiveness of Land Conservation Projects; Validation of GIS-Performed Analysis; Digital Governance & Hotspot Geoinformatics for Monitoring, Etiology, Early Warning, & Management at a District Level; Index.