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About this book
About this book
The Republican Congress of 1994 cast a sharp light on all Federal programs, including environmental expenditures such as the Clean Water Act, which is the most expensive. This book provides a detailed, scientific analysis of the impact of the Clean Water Act, demonstrates how the Act's goal of "fishable and swimmable" waters has been widely achieved throughout the country, and documents the local economic benefits derived from water quality improvements, using case studies from the Potomac Estuary and the Upper Mississippi River.
Preface. Acknowledgments. Acronyms. Introduction. An Examination of BOD Loadings Before and After the CWA. An Examination of "Worst-Case" DO in Waterways Below Point Sources Before and After the CWA. Case Study Assessments of Water Quality. Connecticut River Case Study. Hudson-Raritan Estuary Case Study. Delaware Estuary Case Study. Potomac Estuary Case Study. James River Estuary Case Study. Upper Chattahoochee River Case Study. Ohio River Case Study. Upper Mississippi River Case Study. Willamette River Case Study. Appendix A: United States Waterways Identified with Water Pollution Problems Before the 1972 Clean Water Act. Appendix B: National Municipal Wastewater Inventory and Infrastructure, 1940-2016. Appendix C: National Public and Private Sector Investment in Water Pollution Control. Appendix D: Before and After CWA Changes in Tenth Percentile Dissolved Oxygen and Ninetieth Percentile BOD5 at the Catalog Unit Level. Appendix E: Before and After CWA Changes in Tenth Percentile Dissolved Oxygen at the RF1 Reach Level. Appendix F: Hydrologic Conditions of the 48 Contiguous States, Summer (July-September) from 1961 through 1995. Appendix G: Municipal and Industrial Wastewater Loads by Major River Basin Before and After the Clean Water Act: 1950, 1973, and ca. 1995. Appendix H: Municipal and Industrial Water Withdrawals by Major River Basin: 1940-1995. Glossary. Index.
Andrew Stoddard is a principal environmental engineer at Andrew Stoddard & Associates, Hamilton, Virginia. Jon Harcum is a principal engineer at Tetra Tech, Inc., Las Cruces, New Mexico. Jonathan Simpson is a senior scientist at Tetra Tech, Inc., Fairfax, Virginia. James R. Pagenkopf is a vice president at Tetra Tech, Inc., Fairfax, Virginia. Robert K. Bastian is a senior environmental scientist with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Wastewater Management, Washington, D.C.
646 pages, 25 photos, 100 tabs, 100 graphs
It is a detailed, data-filled report of the nation's water quality and improvements therein. (Journal of Hazardous Material, October 2003)