690 pages, illustrations
The Neotropics contains the greatest abundance and diversity of primate species of any bio-region in the world. They make up an impressive and varied assemblage of species, from the small pigmy marmoset weighing one hundred grammes to the woolly spider monkey tipping the scale at 10-14 kg. Some in the group, such as the bearded capuchin, show signs of high intelligence evidenced by their use of primitive tools to open nuts and fruit, and many of these species are flagships whose very presence is crucial for the dispersal of seeds and maintenance of primary forests. Unfortunately, a large percentage of Neotropical primate species are threatened or endangered due to various anthropogenic activities including deforestation, illegal hunting, illegal wildlife trade, mining, and road construction. Moreover, there is a general paucity of data of this group because their habitats can be difficult to access and the sheer expansiveness of the Neotropical area.
In Phylogeny, Molecular Population Genetics, Evolutionary Biology & Conservation of the Neotropical Primates, the authors present new research findings from sixty of the world's leading Neotropical primate scientists in order to bridge this information gap. Specifically, the authors provide up-to-date biological, molecular, conservation, and phylogenic information on many of these poorly understood, yet amazing creatures. It is the authors' intention that this new information will be used as a resource by the novice and professional alike in order to improve society's understanding of Neotropical primates and to help protect them long into the future.
Chapter 1 pp. 3-38. An Introduction to Neotropical Primates
Phylogeny, Molecular Population Genetics and Paleoprimatology
Chapter 2 pp. 41-90. The Paleobiology of the Recently-Extinct Platyrrhines of Brazil and the Caribbean
Chapter 3 pp. 91-114. Genetic Heterogeneity and Evolutionary Demographic History of the Endemic Colombian Saguinus leucopus (Primates) by Means of DNA Microsatellites and Coalescence Methods
Chapter 4 pp. 115-134. Diversity of Cebus Species from the Southern Distribution of the Genus
Chapter 5 pp. 135-172. Genetic Structure, Spatial Patterns and Historical Demographic Evolution of White-Throated Capuchin (Cebus capucinus, Cebidae, Primates) Populations of Colombia and Central America by Means of DNA Microsatellites
Chapter 6 pp. 173-208. Invalidation of Three Robust Capuchin Species (Cebus libidinosus pallidus, C. macrocephalus and C. fatuellus; Cebidae, Primates) in the Western Amazon and Orinoco by Analyzing DNA Microsatellites
Chapter 7 pp. 209-268. It is Misleading to use Sapajus (Robust Capuchins) as a Genus – A Review of the Evolution of the Capuchins and Suggestions on their Systematics
Chapter 8 pp. 269-286. Sex Chromosomes and Sex Determination in Platyrrhini
Chapter 9 pp. 287-344. Can Mitochondrial DNA, Nuclear Microsatellite DNA and Cranial Morphometrics Accurately Discriminate Different Aotus Species (Cebidae)? Some Insights on Population Genetics Parameters and the Phylogeny of the Night Monkeys
Chapter 10 pp. 345-368. Phylogenetic relationships of Pithecidae and Temporal Splits in Reference to Cebidae and Atelidae by Means of Mitogenomics
Chapter 11 pp. 369-394. Microsatellite DNA Analyses of Four Alouatta Species (Atelidae, Primates): Evolutionary Microsatellite Dynamics
Chapter 12 pp. 395-434. Which Howler Monkey (Alouatta, Atelidae, Primates) Taxa is Living in the Peruvian Madre de Dios River Basin (Southern Peru)? Results from Mitochondrial Gene Analyses and some Insights in the Phylogeny of Alouatta
Chapter 13 pp. 435-476. Historical Genetic Demography and some Insights into the Systematics of Ateles (Atelidae, Primates) by Means of Diverse Mitochondrial Genes
Chapter 14 pp. 479-490. Capuchin Monkeys in Amazonian Mangrove Areas
Chapter 15 pp. 491-506. How does the Colombian Squirrel Monkey Cope with Habitat Fragmentation? Strategies to Survive in Small Fragments
Chapter 16 pp. 507-520. Callicebus ornatus, an Endemic Colombian Species: Demography, Behavior and Conservation
Chapter 17 pp. 521-550. Biogeography and Conservation of the Pitheciines: Sakis, Bearded Sakis and Uacaris (Pithecia, Chiropotes and Cacajao)
Chapter 18 pp. 551-574. State of Primates in Northeastern Peru: The Case of the Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve
Chapter 19 pp. 575-640. Current Knowledge on Primate Distribution and Conservation in Bolivia
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