The theory, methodology, technology, and achievements of research on botanical gardens worldwide are for the first time systematically reviewed and summarized in this book and form the foundation of botanical garden science or phytohortology. Altogether there are 11 chapters.
Chapters 1-8 form Part One, the "General Introduction and Fundamental Theories and Principles of Botanical Garden Science, Phytohortology", and Chapters 9-11 form Part Two, covering individual botanical gardens.
Major achievements in botanical gardens, including research on plant introduction and acclimatization, economic plants, and environmental plants, are presented in this book, and the authors have pointed out the direction and the way for botanical gardens to serve the national economy. Principles and methods for plant conservation in botanical gardens are suggested. Based on historical facts, the authors interpret the dialectical relationship between "conservation" and "utilization". In accordance with the situation in China, the "Developmental Strategy for the Chinese Botanical Garden System" is proposed. The use of modem information techniques for living collection records in botanical gardens is discussed in particular. The features and historical uniqueness of the development of greenhouses in botanical gardens both domestic and foreign are analyzed, and the role and the effectiveness of the demonstration of plant diversity in greenhouses are emphatically summarized. The particularity and foresight of scientific popularization (education programs) and tourism, as well as the complexity of operation and management in botanical gardens are discussed and concluded. The features of various art schools and styles in landscaping design, including ancient, modern, eastern and western are introduced and reviewed. The design and extent of landscape construction needed in Chinese botanical gardens are discussed.
Based on the achievements of the authors' studies of innovations in concepts, theories and practice on plant introduction and acclimatization, ex-situ conservation and stress cultivation of medicinal plants, and plant diversity conservation and utilization in cities are presented.
Owing to the importance of visualization, more than 2,000 pictures were selected for this book to show and transfer information, thought, feelings, and inspiration that could not be expressed by words and text alone. In addition, there are introductions to more than 200 botanical gardens around the world.
Chapter 1. Botanical Garden and Botanical Garden Science, Phytohortology
Chapter 2. The History of Botanical Gardens
Chapter 3. Ex-situ Conservation in Botanical Gardens
Chapter 4. Plant Introduction and Acclimatization in Botanical Gardens
Chapter 5. The Greenhouse System in Botanical Gardens
Chapter 6. Education in Botanical Gardens
Chapter 7. Landscape Planning, Design. and Architecture in Botanical Gardens
Chapter 8. The Operation and Administration of Botanical Gardens
Chapter 9. Major Botanical Gardens in China
Chapter 10. Characteristics and Review of World Famous Botanical Gardens
Chapter 11. Major Botanical Gardens All Over the World