From land management to water rights, this volume looks at the current status of Common Property Resources, or CPRs, in South Asia. Developed countries, have managed to establish well-defined property rights over numerous resources and in some instances extended non-exclusionary rights over privately owned resources over an extended period of time. In the developing world, however, the share of community property is extensive, either as a response to an expanding market or because the exposure to markets in still in its nascent stage. This coupled with the demands of globalization, has led to the co-existence of both community ownership of resources as well as an evolving private property rights market.
This tension between public versus private ownership rights is particularly relevant in the developing countries of South Asia, not only because of its shared history but also because of its resources frequently cross national boundaries. This book tells the story of CPRs and the commons in a rapidly changing South Asia. Including contributions from those working with natural resources in Bhutan, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, the papers discuss issues such as equity in distribution; efficiency and productivity of resources; sustainability of resources; and institutional transition and governance.
In my judgment, [this] book's publication is an intellectual event Sir Partha Dasgupta FBA FRS, Frank Ramsey Professor of Economics, Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge
Introduction; PART I ISSUES AND CHALLENGES; 1. Common Property Resources: Economic Analytics; 2. Some Places Again: A 'Restricted' Revisit to Dry Regions of India; 3. Decentralization, Devolution, And Collective Action - A Review of International Experience; PART II EVOLUTION AND TRANSITIONS; 4. Does afforestation ensure sustainability? A study of the Haors of Bangladesh; 5. A Tale of Three Villages: Practiced Forestry in India; 6. The Stake-Net Fishery Association Of Negombo Lagoon, Sri Lanka - Why Has it Survived over 250 Years and Will it Survive Another 100 Years?; 7. Transaction Costs and Institutional Innovation: Sustainability of Tank Aquaculture in Sri Lanka; 8. Irrigation Management - Does Bottom up work better than Top Down in Sri Lanka ?; PART III LIVELIHOODS AND DISTRIBUTION; 9. Heterogeneity, Commons, and Privatization: Agrarian Change in Goa; 10. Is Cooperation Costly with Diverse Economic Agents?; 11. Who pays for Conservation: Evidence from Forestry in Nepal; 12. Community Tanks vs. Private Wells: Coping Strategies and Sustainability Issues in South India; PART IV STATUTORY AND CUSTOMARY LAW; 13. Tradition and Sovereignty: Conflicts over Dir-Kohistan's Forests; 14. Is the state passe? Competing domains in forestry in Orissa; 15. Efficiency and Low Costs Under Non-limiting Supply Conditions in Bhutan; 16. So Far So Good: Next Steps in Community Forestry
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