A modern translation of two seminal works. Originally published in German as Streifzüge durch die Umwelten von Tieren und Menschen (1934) and Bedeutungslehre (1940), this laid the groundwork for the concept of Umwelt in sensory biology.
"Is the tick a machine or a machine operator? Is it a mere object or a subject?" With these questions, the pioneering biophilosopher Jakob von Uexküll embarks on a remarkable exploration of the unique social and physical environments that individual animal species, as well as individuals within species, build and inhabit. This concept of the umwelt has become enormously important within posthumanist philosophy, influencing such figures as Heidegger, Merleau-Ponty, Deleuze and Guattari, and, most recently, Giorgio Agamben, who has called Von Uexküll "a high point of modern antihumanism".
A key document in the genealogy of posthumanist thought, A Foray into the Worlds of Animals and Humans advances Von Uexküll's revolutionary belief that nonhuman perceptions must be accounted for in any biology worth its name; it also contains his arguments against natural selection as an adequate explanation for the present orientation of a species' morphology and behaviour. A Theory of Meaning extends his thinking on the Umwelt, while also identifying an overarching and perceptible unity in nature. Those coming to Von Uexküll's work for the first time will find that his concept of the Umwelt holds new possibilities for the terms of animality, life, and the framework of biopolitics.
Introduction: Umwelt after Uexküll / Dorion Sagan
A Foray into the Worlds of Animals and Humans
The Farthest Plane
Form and Movement as Perception Marks
Goal and Plan
Perception Image and Effect Image
The Familiar Path
Home and Territory
Search Image and Search Tone
The Same Subject as Object in Different Environments
A Theory of Meaning
Carriers of Meaning
Environment and Dwelling-shell
Utilization of Meaning
The Interpretation of the Spider’s Web
Form Development Rule and Meaning Rule
The Meaning Rule as the Bridging of Two Elementary Rules
The Composition Theory of Nature
The Sufferance of Meaning
The Technique of Nature
Counterpoint as a Motif/Motive of Form Development
Summary and Conclusion
Afterword. Bubbles and Webs: A Backdoor Stroll through the Readings of Uexküll / Geoffrey Winthrop-Young
Jakob von Uexküll (1864–1944) was born in Estonia and educated at the University of Heidelberg and the Zoological Center in Naples. He published widely and, in 1926, founded the Institute for Environmental Research at the University of Hamburg.
Joseph D. O’Neil is assistant professor of German studies at the University of Kentucky.
A writer and sleight-of-hand magician, Dorion Sagan has written extensively on evolution, cybersex, and the biology of gender. Geoffrey Winthrop-Young is associate professor of Central, Eastern, and Northern European studies at the University of British Columbia.
"Those interested in the environment (or environments), animal studies (especially critical animal studies), and biology will find this new translation significant and illuminating."
– Interdisciplinary Studies in Literature and Environment