Achieving water security remains an elusive goal yet the benefits of investing in water, sanitation and hygiene to achieve basic water security and alleviate poverty are clear. Households benefit through a range of livelihood impacts; economies benefit from greater economic activity and over the longer-term, households and economies benefit through greater resilience to climate change and shocks. So why are governments and their development partners struggling to meet water and sanitation targets? What factors make it difficult to sustain services at scale? And how can policies and plans for delivering and sustaining services for poor people be strengthened in the face of multiple pressures, including climate change?
Achieving Water Security addresses these questions and draws conclusions for policy and practice, linking findings with current international debates on service delivery in rural areas. Achieving Water Security should be read by government agencies, donor organisations and NGOs, as well as academics and researchers in the water, sanitation and hygiene sector. Published in association with ODI.
Prelims (Foreword, by the Ethiopian Ministry of Water Resources and DFID )
1. Introduction; Roger Calow, Zemede Abebe and Alan Nicol
2. Ethiopia's water resources, policies, and institutions; Eva Ludi, Bethel Terefe, Roger Calow and Gulilat Birhane
3. WASH sector monitoring; John Butterworth, Katharina Welle, Kristof Bostoen and Florian Schaefer
4. Innovative approaches for extending access to water services: the potential of multiple-use water services and self-supply; Marieke Adank, John Butterworth, Sally Sutton and Zemede Abebe
5. Sanitation and hygiene promotion in rural communities: the Health Extension Programme; Peter Newborne and Anu Liisanantti
6. Sustainability of water services in Ethiopia; Nathaniel Mason, Alan MacDonald, Sobona Mtisi, Israel Deneke Haylamicheal and Habtamu Abebe
7. Water for livelihood resilience, food security, and poverty reduction; Josephine Tucker, Zelalem Lema and Samson Eshetu Lemma
8. Responding to climate variability and change: implications for planned adaptation; Lindsey Jones, Lorraine Coulter, Million Getnet Gebreyes, Beneberu Shimelis Feleke, Naomi Oates, Leulseged Yirgu Gebreamlak and Josephine Tucker
9. Policy and practice influence through research: critical reflections on RiPPLE's approach; Josephine Tucker, Ewen Le Borgne and Marialivia Iotti
Roger Calow is Head of the Water Policy Programme at the UK's Overseas Development Institute (ODI), specializing in water resource governance, and was Director of the RiPPLE programme from 2009 to 2011. Eva Ludi is a senior Research Fellow at ODI focusing on water, food security, and climate change adaptation. Josephine Tucker is a Research Fellow in ODI's Water Policy Programme with expertise in water service delivery, ecosystems, and resilience.