This book was first published in 2004. Unraveling the origin of biodiversity is fundamental for understanding our biosphere. This book clarifies how adaptive processes, rather than geographic isolation, can cause speciation. Adaptive speciation occurs when biological interactions induce disruptive selection and the evolution of assortative mating, thus triggering the splitting of lineages. Internationally recognized leaders in the field explain exciting developments in modeling speciation, together with celebrated examples of rapid speciation by natural selection. Written for students and researchers in biology, physics, and mathematics, this book is a groundbreaking treatment of modern speciation science.
"In the pile of recent speciation books that sit on the researcher's desk, this volume will be well worn with handwritten notes in the margins. Expect to highlight ideas for new directions in research, scribble exclamation points where known systems have been stretched thin to accommodate new ideas, and renew the appreciation for the importance of frequency-dependent selection."
- The Quarterly Review of Biology, Frank A. von Hippel
"...the utility of this book is great. It provides an overview of speciation theory from several points of view and provides summaries of some of the best empirical research programs on speciation."
- Ecoscience, Patrik Nosil, Simon Fraser University
1. Introduction Ulf Dieckmann, Johan A. J. Metz, Michael Doebeli and Diethard Tautz
2. Speciation in historical perspective Will Provine
Part I. Theories of Speciation: Introduction to Part I
3. Genetic theories of sympatric speciation Tadesusz J. Kawecki
4. Adaptive dynamics of speciation: ecological underpinnings Stefan A. H. Geritz, #va Kisdi, G#za Mesz#na and Johan A. J. Metz
5. Adaptive dynamics of speciation: sexual populations Ulf Dieckmann and Michael Doebeli
6. Genetic theories of allopatric and parapatric speciation Sergey Gavrilets
7. Adaptive dynamics of speciation: spatial structure Michael Doebeli and Ulf Dieckmann
Part II. Ecological Mechanisms of Speciation: Introduction to Part II
8. Speciation and radiation in African haplochromine cichlids Jacques J. M. van Alphen, Ole Seehausen and Frietson Galis
9. Natural selection and ecological speciation in sticklebacks Howard D. Rundle and Dolph Schluter
10. Adaptive speciation in northern freshwater fishes Sigurdur S. Snorrason and Sk#li Sk#lason
11. Sympatric speciation in insects Guy L. Bush and Roger K. Butlin
12. Adaptive speciation in agricultural pests Martijn Egas, Maurice W. Sabelis, Filipa Vala and Iza Lesna
13. Ecological speciation in flowering plants Nickolas M. Waser and Diane R. Campbell
14. Experiments on adaptation and divergence in bacterial populations Michael Travisano
Part III. Patterns of Speciation: Introduction to Part III
15. Phylogeography and patterns of incipient speciation Diethard Tautz
16. Evolutionary diversification of Caribbean anolis lizards J. B. Losos, R. S. Thorpe, A. Malhotra, A. Stenson and J. T. Reardon
17. Adaptive radiation of African montane plants Eric B. Knox
18. Diversity and speciation of semionotid fishes in Mesozoic rift lakes Amy R. McCune
19. Epilogue Ulf Dieckmann, Diethard Tautz, Michael Doebeli and Johan A. J. Metz
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