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Agricultural Extension: Worldwide Institutional Evolution and Forces for Change

Edited By: W Rivera and DJ Gustafson


Hardback | Dec 1991 | #16344 | ISBN: 0444892397
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NHBS Price: £102.80 $142/€116 approx

About this book

Agricultural extension has entered a period of renewal in the past decade after being overshadowed by agricultural research involving a great deal of experimentation. Throughout this experimentation, the central issue has been about the relationship of the public sector with its clientele and the private sector. This volume is about recent evolution of public sector agricultural extension, seen from various perpsectives and with different concerns in mind. The book begins with providing examples of different responses by the public sector towards pressures to re-structure financing and privatize. Following are discussions on how to make extension more effective and efficient through public-private cooperation. Focus is also placed on a number of concepts and strategies influencing the current development of extension. The final section gathers a number of contrasting perspectives regarding the development of extensions systems and the roles and responsibilities for public sector agricultural extension in the future.


Contributors. Acknowledgements. Introduction. I. ERA OF UNCERTAINTY AND CHANGE. 1. Agricultural Extension Worldwide: A Critical Turning Point (W.M. Rivera). 2. Reducing the Costs of Public Extension Services: Initiatives in Latin America (M. Wilson). 3. The Commercialization of Government Agricultural Extension Services in New Zealand (J. Hercus). 4. Alternative Financing of Agricultural Extension: Recent Trends and Implications for the Future (M. Le Gouis). 5. The Restructuring of the American Publich Agricultural Research and Technology Transfer System: Implication for Agricultural Extension (F. Buttel). II. MAKING NEW CONNECTIONS. 6. Extension Coverage and Resource Problems: The Need for Public-Private Cooperation (W.D. Maalouf, R. Adhikarya, and T. Contada). 7. Public-Private Cooperation: Farmer-Led Research / Extension Circles in Norway (R. Haug). 8. Mitigating Tropical Deforestation and the Role of Extension (P. Kangas and W. M. Rivera). 9. The Challenge of Connecting Priorities to Performance: One State's Responese to the Forces for Change in U.S. Extension (D.J. Gustafson). 10. The Evolution of Links between Research and Extension in Developing Countries (D. Kaimowitz). 11. Agricultural Development Foundations: A Private Sector Innovation in Improving Agricultural Technology Systems (A. Coutu and J. O'Donnell). III. NEW CONCEPTS AND STRATEGIES. 12. The Development of the Concept of Agricultural Knowledge Information Systems (AKIS): Implications for Extension (N. Roling and P. Engel). 13. An Improved Agricultural Knowledge System: The Israeli Experience with Regional Research and Development Authorities (A. Blum). 14. Enhancing Farmers' Income through Extension Services for Agricultural Marketing (A. Narayanan). 15. New Technology for Transferring Agricultural Information (F.N. Wete). 16. An Integrated Communication System for Technology Transfer: The CTTA Project (G. McClure). 17. Sustainable Agriculture: A Unifying Concept for Agriculture and a Central Strategy for Extension (W.M. Rivera). IV. PERSPECTIVES ON NEW DIRECTIONS. 18. Agricultural Extension in the 21st Century: Lessons from South Asia (C.H. Antholt). 19. Agricultural Extension Services as Machines: The Impact of the Training and Visit Approach (D. Hulme). 20. Development of Technologies Towards Sustainable Agriculture: Institutional Implications (B. Haverkort and H. de Zeeuw). 21. NGOs and Agricultural Technology Development (K. Amanor and J. Farrington). 22. New Roles and Responsibilities for Public Sector Agricultural Extension (W.M. Rivera and D.J. Gustafson). Epilogue. References. Index.

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