This book offers a comprehensive introduction to basic ecological and biological principles underlying modern agriculture, forestry, fisheries and aquaculture, and explains how these principles are used to increase the production of food and other raw materials (wood, biofuels, fibre, and other materials). Applied Ecology is translated into English, originally published in Czech by Karolinum Press, Charles University, and provides new updated information to discuss how the intensification of the production of these goods changes the structure of ecosystems concerning energy and nutrient flows, and how these changes affect the functioning of ecosystems and the subsequent provisions of other non-productive ecosystem services. Additionally, the authors describe the methods by which contemporary science and society strive to increase the sustainability of agriculture, forestry and fisheries to maintain not only the production of food and other goods but also other ecosystem services.
Although not a textbook on agriculture, forestry and fisheries, the book familiarizes readers with the principles of their technologies, because the impact on ecosystems is largely based on the technological processes used. The book is primarily focused on temperate ecosystems, but it contains a number of examples of marine and tropical ecosystems impacted by globalization and our consumer behaviour. The book will be of interest to students and researchers with backgrounds in ecology and environmental science, as well as non-experts interested in ecology and environmental protection.
Dr Jan Frouz is Professor and Director of the Environmental Centre at Charles University. His scientific interests include soil science, soil biology and ecosystem ecology. His research addresses the question of how interactions between plants, soil and soil biota determine gradual succession changes of soils and consequently whole ecosystems, and how we can use this knowledge to restore ecosystems. Dr Frouz has published more than 300 scientific papers, with more than 180 articles in WoS-registered journals, and has authored or edited three books and 17 book chapters.
Dr Jaroslava Frouzová is employed by the Biological Centre of the Academy of the Sciences of the Czech Republic as a research worker, and by Charles University, Faculty of Science, Institute for Environmental Studies as an Assistant Professor, where she teaches methods of abundance and biomass estimation, special methods in ichthyology and applied ecology. Her research focuses on the development of hydroacoustic methodologies and acoustical data interpretation.