The coastal and ocean ecosystem is a significant feature of our planet and provides a source of food for much of life on Earth. Millions of species have been, and are still being discovered in the world’s oceans. Among these zooplankton serve as secondary producers and are significant as they form pelagic food links and act as indicators of water masses. They constitute the largest and most reliable source of protein for most of the ocean’s fishes. As such, their absence or depletion often affects fishery. In many countries, the decline in fisheries has been attributed to reduced plankton populations.
Furthermore, trillions of tiny copepods produce countless faecal pellets contributing greatly to the marine snow and therefore accelerating the flow of nutrients and minerals from the surface waters to the seabed. They are phylogenetically highly successful groups in terms of phylogenetic age, the number of living species and the success of adaptive radiation. A study of the basic and applied aspects of zooplankton would provide an index of the fishery potential and applications, offering insights into ocean ecology to safeguard the food supplies and livelihoods of the millions of people living in coastal areas. For this reason, we need to understand all the facets of zooplankton as well as their interactions with the atmosphere and other life forms, including humans. In this context, this book discusses the basic and applied aspects of zooplankton, especially taxonomy, mosquitocidal activity, culture, analysis of nutritional, pigments and enzyme profile, preservation of copepods eggs, bioenrichment of zooplankton and application of zooplankton in sustainable aquaculture production, focusing on novel biofloc-copefloc technologies, and the impact of acidification and microplastics on zooplankton.
Offering a comprehensive overview of the current issues and developments in the field of environmental and commercial applications, this book is a valuable resource for researchers, aquaculturists, environmental managers wanting to understand the importance of zooplankton and develop technologies for the sustainable production of fish and other commodities to provide food and livelihoods for mankind.
Dr P. Santhanam is an assistant professor at the Department of Marine Science, School of Marine Sciences, Bharathidasan University, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India. He obtained his M.Sc, M. Phil and PhD Degrees in Marine Biology, from the C.A.S. in Marine Biology, Annamalai University. He has over 19 years of research and 11 years of teaching experience with over 130 publications in national and internationally respected journals, books and proceedings. He specializes in the areas of marine planktonology & aquaculture with reference to biodiversity, taxonomy, biology and culture of phyto- and zooplankton for fish larviculture. He has successfully completed 5 major research projects funded by UGC, DST, DBT & SERB (Govt. of India) and is currently involved in 2 major research projects funded by the UGC & MoEF& CC (Govt. of India). He is a member of several scientific bodies and has served as an editorial board member for over 5 journals and as a reviewer for over 25 leading national and international journals. He received the DST Young Scientist Award in 2007, KTSTM Trust Best Researcher Award, and the Prof. Dr M. Aruchami Award from Kongunadu Arts & Science College & Dr M. Aruchami Research Foundation for his extraordinary contribution to Indian live-feed aquaculture, especially copepod. He has been an expert member of various committees.
Mrs Ajima Begum is currently an assistant professor at the Department of Botany, Tihu College, Tihu, Nalbari, Assam, India. Before joining Tihu College, she worked as an assistant professor at B. N. College, Dhubri, Assam. She also served as a research investigator at NIRD-NERC, in the project entitled “Training-cum-Documentation for Establishing Rural Industries of Medicinal and Aromatic plants in the North Eastern Region”. She has published over 10 research articles in leading national and international journals and participated in more than 6 national and international level trainings, conferences and seminars.
Dr P. Perumal is a professor & head of the Department of Biotechnology, at Periyar University, Salem, Tamil Nadu, India. Prior to his appointment at Periyar University, he was a faculty research associate, lecturer, reader and professor at the C.A.S. in Marine Biology, Annamalai University, where he received his Ph. D., Degree in 1989. He also passed the UGC-National Educational Test in 1985. He has over 30 years of research experience with about 150 publications to his credit. His research interests include molecular taxonomy and live-feed aspects of plankton, fish larviculture and antibiotic principles/drugs from marine bioresources. He has successfully completed many major research projects funded by ICAR, MoES, DRDO, and UGC (Govt. of India) and is currently coordinating the DST-FIST programme. He is a member of the Academic Council, Senate, Board of Research Studies, chairman of PG-Board of Studies in Biotechnology & Bioinformatics (of Periyar University) and a member of the Board of Studies at various colleges and universities. He was the chairman of the Periyar University Institutional Animals Ethical Committee & co-ordinator of the Periyar University Patent Facilitation Centre & Industrial MOU, an expert member of the European Commission (EC) Projects Review committee, and a scientist member of Govt. Mohan Kumaramangalam Medical College Institutional Animal Ethics committee and Scientific Advisory Committee. He is also a reviewer/editor for several national & international journals.