Ungulates are an extraordinarily important group of animals worldwide, at many levels – in their remarkable biodiversity; in many cases, as keystone species with a disproportionate effect on the functioning of the wider ecological systems of which they form a part or as dominant species acting as ecological engineers; and as a prey base for endangered or expanding populations of large carnivores. They are also important culturally and economically, as a major source of protein in subsistence cultures and because of their wide exploitation in recreational hunting, which is still a major form of land-use in many countries.
A number of aspects of the balance of cost and benefit of ungulates and their management in Europe are considered. Through a synthesis of the underlying biology and a comparison of the management techniques adopted in different countries, management approaches which seem effective within their respective circumstances are explored. Each chapter in Behaviour and Management of European Ungulates is written by experts in their own particular field, ensuring that they are aware of the most up-to-date literature on that topic and can also offer an experienced and informed review based on their own research experience.
1. Introduction: Rory Putman, UK and Marco Apollonio, University of Sassari, Italy
2. Value systems for ungulates, Juan Carranza, University of Extramadura, Spai, Sandor Csanyi, University of Godollo, Hungary, Bostjan Pokorny, ERICo Institute, Slovenia
3. Reintroductions as a management tool for European ungulates, Marco Apollonio, Massimo Scandura, University of Sassari, Italy, Nikita Sprem, Zagreb University
4. Problems associated with invasive (introduced) species of ungulates, Sandro Lovari and Francesco Ferretti, University of Siena, Italy
5. Competition between domestic and wild ungulates, Marco Apollonio, Roberta Chirichella and Rory Putman
6. The management of overabundant ungulate populations, Sandor Csanyi
7. Effects of trophy hunting on dynamics of ungulate populations, Atle Mysterud , University of Oslo
8. Problems associated with urbanisation and the management of urban populations of ungulates; Rory Putman, Jochen Langbein, Peter Watson, Peter Green and Sean Cahill
9. The management of ungulates in national parks, Marco Apollonio and Stefano Grignolio, University of Sassari, Italy, Marco Heurich, Bavarian National Parks Service, Bayern, Germany and Nikita Sprem
10. The problems of management of cross-border populations of ungulates, Carlos Fonseca, University of Aveiro, Portugal with Jose Vingada and Marco Apollonio
11. Novel management methods: immunocontraception, Giovanna Massei and Dave Cowan, Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, York
12. Behaviour of ungulates as it affects management, Lazlo Szemethy and Krisztian Katona, University of Godollo, Hungary
13. Welfare issues in the management of wild ungulates, Frauke Ohl, University of Utrecht and Rory Putman
14. Management of ungulates in the 21st century: how far have we come?, the editors, with Dr Naomi Sykes, University of Nottingham, UK