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Academic & Professional Books  Mammals  Insectivores to Ungulates  Antelopes, Giraffes & other Ungulates (Giraffidae - Bovidae)

Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour of Wild Cattle Implications for Conservation

By: Mario Melletti(Editor), James Burton(Editor), Simon N Stuart(Foreword By), Francesco Rinaldi(Illustrator)
461 pages, 32 plates with colour photos, colour illustrations and colour distribution maps; b/w photos, b/w illustrations, b/w distribution maps, 69 tables
Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour of Wild Cattle
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  • Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour of Wild Cattle ISBN: 9781107036642 Hardback Oct 2014 Not in stock: Usually dispatched within 6 days
Price: £147.00
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About this book

Covering all 13 species of wild cattle, Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour of Wild Cattle brings together the contributions of international leading experts on the biology, evolution, conservation status and management of the tribe Bovini, providing:
- A comprehensive review of current knowledge on systematic, anatomy and ecology of all wild cattle species (chapters 1 to 8);
- A clear understanding of the conservation status of each species and the gaps in our current knowledge (chapters 9 to 20);
- A number of case studies on conservation activities and an investigation of some of the most threatened and poorly understood species (chapters 21 to 27).

An invaluable resource for students, researchers, and professionals in behavioural ecology, evolutionary biology and conservation biology, this beautifully illustrated reference work reveals the extraordinary link between wild cattle and humans, the benefits some of these species have brought us, and their key roles in their natural ecosystems.


  Simon Stuart
List of contributors
  Mario Melletti and James Burton
Part I  Systematic, Ecology and Domestication
Chapter 1  Systematic and Evolution of Bovini
  Alexandre Hassanin
Chapter 2  Bovini as key stone species and landscape architects
  Herbert H.T. Prins and Herman van Oeveren
Chapter 3  Domestic cattle and buffaloes
  Johannes A. Lenstra, Marleen Felius and Bert Theunissen

Part II  Evolution, Anatomy and Function
Chapter 4  The Evolution and Skeletal Anatomy of Wild Cattle (Bovini)
  Kris Kovarovic and Robert S. Scott
 Chapter 5  Bovine Mammary Anatomy and Function
  R. Michael Akers, Anthony V. Capuco and Stephen C. Nickerson
Chapter 6  The digestive system of ruminants, and peculiarities of (wild) cattle
  Marcus Clauss and Reinhold R. Hofmann
Chapter 7  Anatomy and evolution of teeth
  James Heywood
Chapter 8  Evolution, development, and functional role of horns in cattle
  Edward Byrd Davis, Katherine A. Brakora and Kelsey Tull Stilson

Part III  Species Accounts
Chapter 9  American bison (Bison bison)
  Glenn E. Plumb, P. J. White and Keith Aune
Chapter 10  European bison (Bison bonasus)
  Malgorzata Krasinska, Zbigniew A. Krasinski, Kajetan Perzanowski and Wanda Olech
Chapter 11  Gaur (Bos gaurus)
  Farshid S. Ahrestani and K. Ullas Karanth
Chapter 12  Wild Yak (Bos mutus)
  Jianlin Han
Chapter 13  Banteng (Bos javanicus)
  Penny C. Gardner, Satyawan Pudyatmoko, Naris Bhumpakphan, Manoth Yindee,  Datuk Laurentius N. Ambu and Benoit Goossens
Chapter 14  Kouprey (Bos sauveli)
  Mario Melletti, Alexandre Hassanin and Marzia Mirabile
Chapter 15  Aurochs (Bos primigenius)
  T. van Vuure
Chapter 16  Wild Water Buffalo (Bubalus arnee)
  Anwarudding Choudhury
Box 1  Genetics of wild water buffalo
  J. Stuart F. Barker
Chapter 17  Anoas (Bubalus depressicornis; Bubalus quarlesi)
  Philip M. Wheeler, Abdul Haris Mustari  and James Burton
Chapter 18  Tamaraw (Bubalus mindorensis)
  Merben R. Cebrian, Rodel M. Boyles, Josefina L. de Leon and James Burton
Chapter 19  Saola (Pseudoryx nghetinhensis)
  William Robichaud and Barney Long
Box 2  Using Community Forest Guards to safeguard the Saola’s future in Thua-Thien Hue Saola Nature Reserve, Vietnam
  Luong Viet Hung, Van Ngoc Thinh, Le Ngoc Tuan and Barney Long
Chapter 20  African buffalo (Syncerus caffer)
  Daniel Cornélis, Mario Melletti, Lisa Korte, Sadie J. Ryan, Marzia Mirabile, Thomas Prin and Herbert H. T. Prins

Part IV  Conservation and Management
Chapter 21  What is a wild bison? A case study of plains bison conservation in Canada
  C. Cormack Gates
Chapter 22  The case study: the restitution of the wisent (Bison bonasus) to the Carpathians
  Kajetan Perzanowski and Wanda Olech
Chapter 23  Capture and translocation of gaur (Bos gaurus gaurus) in India
  Parag Nigam, Sankar Kalyansundaram, Dave Cooper, Les Carlisle and Harbhajan Singh Pabla
Chapter 24  Status and management of the endangered wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee) in the Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, Nepal
  Ram Chandra Kandel, J. Stuart F. Barker and Mario Melletti
Chapter 25  Genetic structure of the African buffalo (Syncerus caffer) at continental and population scales: an evolutionary and conservation approach
  Nathalie Smitz, Daniel Cornélis, Philippe Chardonnet, Ettore Randi and Johan Michaux
Chapter 26  Livestock and buffalo (Syncerus caffer) interfaces in Africa: ecology of disease transmission and implications for conservation and development
  Richard Kock, Michael Kock, Michel de Garine-Wichatitsky, Philippe Chardonnet and Alexandre Caron
Chapter 27  Ex situ conservation of wild cattle: roles, status, management successes and challenges
  Daniel. C. de Man

Customer Reviews (2)

  • Wild Cattle book
    By Antonio 18 Nov 2014 Written for Hardback
    A unique book. A treasure trove of information for researchers and professionals with beautiful illustrations. 27 chapters covering very different topics including the species accounts with a quantity and quality of information that are not found in other books. A work that fills a huge void in the scientific literature! Definitely a "must-have" for everyone interested in these group of animals.
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  • A landmark work.
    By Carla 16 Jan 2016 Written for Hardback
    Large-format book with very nice colour plates for each of the 13 species of wild cattle in the world. This work is very well done not only for the beautiful illustrations, but in particular for the amount and quality of the data. This book treats a wide range of topics from the evolution of cattle to ecological role of these animals in their ecosystem, from physiology and anatomy of organs to various case studies on the conservation and management in different regions of the world. There are also many photos, charts and tables. It is addressed not only to researchers and professionals, but also to a wide range of mammal experts that will find in this volume a considerable amount of updated information. A landmark volume that fills a huge void in the scientific literature!
    Was this helpful to you? Yes No


Mario Melletti is an independent researcher. For more than a decade he has been studying the ecology and behaviour of the forest buffalo, spending more than two years in a remote area in the Dzanga-Ndoki National Park, in the Central African Republic. He has obtained a PhD in animal ecology from the University of Rome in collaboration with the Department of Conservation Biology of Seville (Spain). He has collaborated to several projects and surveys on both mammals and birds. He also is a reviewer of some peer reviewed international journals.

James Burton is Chair of the IUCN Species Survival Commission’s Asian Wild Cattle Specialist Group, leading a group of volunteer experts to monitor the status of, and facilitate conservation planning and action for the 9 wild cattle and buffalo species in Asia. Since 2000 he has worked on the conservation of the Anoa (Bubalus species) in Indonesia, including a PhD from the University of Edinburgh. He has conducted distribution surveys, ecological studies and population genetic research on a range of mammal species. He is currently Senior Research Manager (Oman) at the Earthwatch Institute.

- Mario Melletti
- James Burton
- Alexandre Hassanin
- Herbert H. T. Prins
- Herman van Oeveren
- Johannes A. Lenstra
- Marleen Felius
- Bert Theunissen
- Kris Kovarovic
- Robert S. Scott
- R. Michael Akers
- Anthony V. Capuco
- Stephen C. Nickerson
- Marcus Clauss
- Reinhold R. Hofmann
- James Heywood
- Edward Byrd Davis
- Katherine A. Brakora
- Kelsey Tull Stilson
- Glenn E. Plumb
- P. J. White
- Keith Aune
- Ma?gorzata Krasin'ska
- Zbigniew A. Krasin'ski
- Kajetan Perzanowski
- Wanda Olech
- Farshid S. Ahrestani
- K. Ullas Karanth
- Jianlin Han
- Penny C. Gardner
- Satyawan Pudyatmoko
- Naris Bhumpakphan
- Marnoch Yindee
- Datuk Laurentius N. Ambu
- Benoit Goossens
- Marzia Mirabile
- T. van Vuure
- Anwarudding Choudhury
- J. Stuart F. Barker
- Philip M. Wheeler
- Abdul Haris Mustari
- Merben R. Cebrian
- Rodel M. Boyles
- Josefina L. de Leon
- William Robichaud
- Barney Long
- Luong Viet Hung
- Van Ngoc Thinh
- Le Ngoc Tuan
- Daniel Cornélis
- Lisa Korte
- Sadie J. Ryan
- Thomas Prin
- C. Cormack Gates
- Parag Nigam
- Sankar Kalyansundaram
- Dave Cooper
- Les Carlisle
- Harbhajan Singh Pabla
- Ram Chandra Kandel
- Nathalie Smitz
- Philippe Chardonnet
- Ettore Randi
- Johan Michaux
- Richard Kock
- Michael Kock
- Michel de Garine-Wichatitsky
- Philippe Chardonnet
- Alexandre Caron
- Daniel C. de Man

By: Mario Melletti(Editor), James Burton(Editor), Simon N Stuart(Foreword By), Francesco Rinaldi(Illustrator)
461 pages, 32 plates with colour photos, colour illustrations and colour distribution maps; b/w photos, b/w illustrations, b/w distribution maps, 69 tables
Media reviews

"All of us are familiar with domestic cattle, buffalo, bison, and yaks, but the other species of wild cattle are mostly known only to people who live near them in Asia. This book brings all of them to life by telling us everything known about each of these species from Anoas to Tamaraws. The species accounts are comprehensive and exhaustive, making this a one-stop source for each of the recognized species of wild cattle and relatives. The remainder of the volume is a treasure trove of information about every aspect of the biology of this important group, providing a critical information base for future conservation actions. With most of the wild forms now listed as threatened or endangered to some extent, the information provided here will become ever more critical in helping to ensure their continued existence."
– Don E. Wilson, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution

"Wild cattle are rarely ranked as conservation priority, their 'familiar' appearance perhaps lacking the thrill of the wilderness. We've failed to appreciate the important ecological functions of these magnificent animals in their natural environment and have allowed their domesticated surrogates to spread all over the world. Instead, wild cattle are fierce animals, magnificent elements of some of the most threatened natural habitats on earth. This landmark book presents, compellingly, that all twelve extant species of wild cattle deserve immediate conservation attention and renewed efforts to build up their wild populations. Melletti and Burton have done a fantastic job at bringing together the best experts on these species and summarizing the key facts of the species' biology and conservation status. The irreversible loss of the now extinct auroch warns us against any further extinction and this book provides all information needed to protect wild cattle from further human impacts."
– Luigi Boitani, University of Rome 'La Sapienza', Italy

"I welcome this publication as a much-needed resource which, for the first time, will provide fundamental information for all thirteen species of wild cattle and help to guide targeted conservation action. I feel greatly encouraged that this book represents the determination, skills and dedication of international experts who have contributed their invaluable knowledge and research to enable it to be written. As with so many of the world's species faced with threats to their long-term existence, the future of the surviving twelve wild cattle species will depend on reconciling the needs of people and nature in order to find pragmatic solutions that balance human population growth and expansion with the needs of wildlife and ecosystems. I congratulate the editors and authors for producing a magnificent and definitive piece of work which will surely be the 'Bible' for wild cattle for many years to come."
– Simon Stuart, Chair of the IUCN Species Survival Commission

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