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Academic & Professional Books  Botany  Non-Vascular Plants  Algae

Bibliotheca Diatomologica, Volume 28: Recent and Fossil Diatom Flora of the Gulf of Gdańsk, Southern Baltic Sea Origin, Composition and Changes of Diatom Assemblages during the Holocene

Monograph
Series: Bibliotheca Diatomologica Volume: 28
By: Andrzej Witkowski(Author)
313 pages, 42 plates with b/w photos; 12 b/w illustrations
Bibliotheca Diatomologica, Volume 28: Recent and Fossil Diatom Flora of the Gulf of Gdańsk, Southern Baltic Sea
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  • Bibliotheca Diatomologica, Volume 28: Recent and Fossil Diatom Flora of the Gulf of Gdańsk, Southern Baltic Sea ISBN: 9783443570194 Paperback Dec 1994 Usually dispatched within 1-2 weeks
    £110.00
    #49584
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About this book

Language: English witn trilingual summary in English, German, and Polish

The aim of this study is to analyze the species composition of recent, subfossil and fossil diatom floras in the Gulf of Gdańsk (Zatoka Gdańska, Danziger Bucht) in the southern Baltic Sea. The diatom assemblages of extant bottom sediments are compared with those from fossil deposits. Within the recent flora of the study area, 423 taxa (species and varieties) belonging to 65 genera were identified. For each taxon the ecological preferences and the distribution within the study area are indicated.

With respect to the salinity requirements, brackish-water and marine forms are significantly predominant. The proportion of freshwater flora varies, being large close to the mouth of the Wisła, and insignificant in the remaining area. The diatom flora of the gulf area is differentiated into several assemblages. Unique to the whole of the Baltic Sea is an anthropogenic assemblage, which species composition is modelled by waste water entering the study area with the Wisła run-off.

It is shown that the diatom flora of the study area underwent three significant shifts in the course of the Holocene. The first and the second were connected with changes in the salinity, occurring at the beginning (increase) and at the end (decrease) of the Litorina stage. Recent changes in the diatom flora of the gulf area have been caused by an increasing pollutant load. The least pollution tolerant taxa are replaced by the most resistant ones. A study of the subfossil material enabled the vertical extent of anthropogenic changes in the diatom species composition to be determined.

The recent flora is compared with the subfossil and fossil ones from sediments. A group of 22 marine taxa is indicated as extinct in the study area. Based upon their distribution in the western Baltic, the salinity of the Gulf of Gdańsk during the Litorina stage is determined.

Contents

ABSTRACT 4
ZUSAMMENFASSUNG 5
STRESZCZENIE 6

I. INTRODUCTION 7

II. MATERIAL AND METHODS 9
1 The study area 9
2 Geological development of the study area 10
3 The material studied 13
      3.1 Description of the cores studied 16
      3.2 Age of the sediments 18

III. RESULTS 20
1 Fossil diatom flora 20
      1.1 Cores from a deep water area 20
      1.2 Cores from a shallow water area 41
2 Subfossil diatom flora 46
3 Recent diatom flora 54
      3.1 Coastal shallows (supralittoral and littoral) assemblage 55
      3.2 Sublittoral assemblage 59
      3.3 Deep water (pelagic) assemblage 62
      3.4 Anthropogenic assemblage 63
4 Diatom taxa found in the sediments studied 66
      4.1 Centrales 66
      4.2 Pennales 83

IV. DISCUSSION 188
1 The Baltic fossil diatom flora 188
      1.1 The Yoldia Sea 188
      1.2 The Ancylus Lake 191
      1.3 The Mastogloia Sea 194
      1.4 The Litorina Sea 197
      1.5 The Postlitorina 201
2 The subfossil flora 203
3 The recent flora 207

V. CONCLUDING REMARKS 213

VI. REFERENCES 218

Customer Reviews

Monograph
Series: Bibliotheca Diatomologica Volume: 28
By: Andrzej Witkowski(Author)
313 pages, 42 plates with b/w photos; 12 b/w illustrations
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