In the last three active decades on biodiversity conservation, Nepal has set up various institutions to deal with conservation, many policies were implemented and a strong legislation is in effect. Despite this, it has still not been able to fully tackle the growing threat to biodiversity conservation that needs better coordination, cooperation, public participation, effective resource mobilization as well as strong transboundary and international support.
Despite a crunch in resources, many good initiatives were taken in the past and many succeeded. Conservation of endangered species like rhino and tiger were into the focus while executing a number of programs across protected areas. Likewise, the country celebrated 2011 as the ‘zero poaching year’ as there was no poaching of rhino from 3 January 2011 to 3 April 202, which is a milestone achievement in rhino conservation history. There was major achievement in wildlife crime control and signiﬁcant numbers of
criminals were arrested in last few years, As per the decision of Cabinet meeting chaired by Rt. Hon. Prime Minister on Mangsir 5, 2067 (21, November 2010) Wildlife Crime Control Coordination Committee and Bureau at different levels were established as statutory bodies to curb ongoing wildlife crimes.
In an emort to document the on-the-ground experiences, current issues, achievements, opportunities, and way forward; this publication Biodiversity Conservation in Nepal: A Success Story has been put forward by the Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation EDNPWCJ. This special edition contains ten papers from conservationists; scientists and ﬁeld implementers directly involved in Biodiversity conservation practices in Nepal from policy level to implementation level.