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Biotechnological Strategies for the Conservation of Medicinal and Ornamental Climbers

  • Provides up-to-date information on the application of biotechnological tools to explore the potentials of climbers
  • The chapters regarding micropropagation, synthetic seed production and bioactive compounds production in vitro are of great significance in the conservation and replenishment strategies, as well as for the pharmaceutical and micropropagation industries
  • The information regarding the use of molecular markers in quality assessment and transgenic plant production provide a platform for further advanced research

By: Anwar Shahzad(Editor), Shiwali Sharma(Editor), Saeed A Siddiqui(Editor)

450 pages, 31 colour illustrations, 1 black & white tables, 21 colour tables, biography


Hardback | Dec 2015 | #225627 | ISBN-13: 9783319192871
Availability: Usually dispatched within 1 week Details
NHBS Price: £179.99 $229/€201 approx

About this book

Biotechnological Strategies for the Conservation of Medicinal and Ornamental Climbers provides an overview on adoption of biotechnological approaches for the conservation, micropropagation, synseed production of various medicinal and ornamental climbers. The work includes a brief chapter on evolution and diversification of climbers. Other chapters give insights on protocols for in vitro propagation and synseed production of selected threatened medicinal and ornamental climbers. Informative chapter on the production of bioactive compound and their enhancement through genetic transformation and elicitation have been incorporated to cover latest advancement in the field of plant biotechnology.

Biotechnological Strategies for the Conservation of Medicinal and Ornamental Climbers also explores the use of molecular marker technique for the desired improvement/magnification of medicinal and aesthetic value of climbing plants.


1: Climbers: Evolution and Diversification in Angiosperm
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Climbing habitat
1.3 Climbing and attachment mechanisms
1.4 Types of climber
1.5 General taxonomy of climbing plants
1.6 Some general properties of climbing plants
1.7 Role of climbers in ecosystem
1.8 Climber's evolution
1.9 How long ago were climbing plants common in forested ecosystems?

2: Biodiversity Conservation with Special Reference to Medicinal Climbers: Present Scenario, Challenges, Strategies and Policies
2.1 Biodiversity: Natural Capital of The Earth
2.2 Types of Biodiversity (Diversity Indices)
2.3 Levels of Biodiversity
2.4 The Mega Diversity Regions
2.5 Hotspots of Biodiversity
2.6 Loss of Biodiversity
2.7 Threats to Biodiversity: Causes
2.8 IUCN Threat Categories
2.9 IUCN Threat Criteria
2.10 Market Scenario for Medicinal Plant
2.11 Loss of Biodiversity and Challenges
2.12 Climbing Phytodiversity in India
2.13 List of Climbers (Medicinal and Ornamental) Facing Threat
2.14 Global Strategy for Biodiversity Conservation
2.15 Strategies Used for Biodiversity Conservation
2.16 Policies for Biodiversity Conservation

3: Medicinal Importance of Climbers Used In Unani System of Medicine
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Ghonghchi
3.3 Zaravand Taweel
3.4 Zaravand Modahraj
3.5 Satavar
3.6 Asfanakh
3.7 Habb-ul-Qiliqil
3.8 Malkangani
3.9 Hadjod
3.10 Hirankhur
3.11 ftimun Vilayati
3.12 Baobarang/Barang Kabuli
3.13 Gurmaar Booti
3.14 Ushba Hindi
3.15 Turbud
3.16 Bandaal
3.17 Karela
3.18 Konch
3.19 Paan
3.20 Kabab Chini/Kababah
3.21 Filfil Seyah
3.22 Gilo
3.23 Maweez

4: Climber Plants: Medicinal Importance and Conservation Strategies
4.1 Introduction
4.2 History
4.3 Habitat and Distribution
4.4 Medicinal Application and Drug Discovery
4.5 Threats
4.6 Conservation Strategies
4.7 Role of Biotechnology on Their Conservation
4.8 Some Selected Climbing Plant Families
4.9 Conclusion

5: Plant Tissue Culture: Profile of Pioneers
5.1 Introduction
5.2 History of Plant Tissue Culture
5.3 Profile of Pioneers
6: Mircopropagation: A Boon for Conservation of Valuable Vines and Lianas
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Basic Plant Tissue Culture Techniques
6.3 Steps of Culturing Plant Tissue
6.4 Development of Nutrient Media
6.5 Advantages of Micropropagation Over Conventional Cultivation
6.6 Drawbacks of Plant Tissue Culture
6.7 Micropropagation Protocols For Some Threatened And Endangered Medicinal Lianas
6.8 Future Prospects

7: Somatic Embryogenesis: A Valuable Strategy for Phyto-Climbing Diversity Conservation
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Terminology
7.3 Zygotic embryogenesis versus somatic embryogenesis
7.4 Different phases of somatic embryogenesis
7.5 Factors affecting somatic embryogenesis
7.6 Important genes related to somatic embryogenesis
7.7 Applications of somatic embryogenesis
7.8 Limitations of somatic embryogenesis
7.9 Types of somatic embryogenesis
7.10 Somatic embryogenesis in medicinal climbers
7.11 Future prospects

8: Biotechnological Perspectives towards Improvement of Decalepis hamiltonii, Potential Applications of Its tubers And Bioactive Compounds of Nutraceuticals for Value Addition
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Ethnobotanical information
8.3 Production
8.4 Phytoconstituents of tubers
8.5 Biotechnological intervention for mass multiplication
8.6 Germination studies
8.7 In vitro propagation methods
8.8 In vitro production of flavour metabolite 2H4MB
8.9 Augmentation of flavour metabolite in tubers
8.10 Applications of tubers
8.11 Other applications
8.12 Insecticidal activity
8.13 Antimicrobial activity
8.14 Medicinal applications
8.15 Bioactivity studies in cell cultures and experimental animals
8.16 Future prospects

9: Tylophora indica (Burm. f.) Merrill: Medicinal Uses, Propagation and Replenishment
9.1 Introduction: Vernacular Names, Habitat, Habit, Taxonomy
9.2 Chemical Constituents
9.3 Medicinal Properties
9.4 Plant Tissue Culture Studies

10: In Vitro Strategies for the Conservation of Some Medicinal and Horticultural Climbers
10.1 Introduction
10.1.1 Cardiospermum halicacabum Linn
10.1.2 Benincasa hispida Cogn.
10.1.3. Tylophora indica Burm. f. Merrill.
10.1.4 Sarcostemma brevistigma Wight.
10.1.5 Cyclea peltata Lam.
10.1.6 Caesalpini abonduc (L.)Roxb.
10.1.7 Clitoria ternatea L.
10.1.8 Hemidesmus indicus L. R. Br.
10.1.9 Momordi cacharantia L.
10.1.10 Embelia ribes Burm F.

11: Advancement in Encapsulation Techniques for Conservation of Climbers
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Advantages of Synthetic Seed Technology
11.3 Encapsulation Procedure
11.4 Studies Conducted So Far for Synthetic Seed Production of Woody Climbers
11.5 Concluding Remarks and Future Prospects

12: Secondary Metabolite Enhancement in Medicinal Climbers through the Intervention of Abiotic and Biotic Elicitors
12.1 Introduction
12.2 Classification of elicitors
12.3 Mechanism of Elicitation: the biochemical pathway
12.4 Elicitors: Effect and Outcome in Enhanced Alkaloid Production

13: Basic Principles behind Genetic Transformation in Plants
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Methods of Genetic Transformation
13.3 Gene Expression in Transgenic Plants
13.4 Engineering Plants for Useful Agronomic Traits
13.5 Future Implications of Plant Transformation
13.6 Conclusion

14: Genetic Transformation for Quality Improvement of Ornamental Climbers
14.1 Introduction
14.2 Type Study
14.3 Future Prospects
14.3 Conclusion

15: Advances in Molecular Approaches for the Integrative Genetic Transformation of Highly Important Climbers
15.1 Introduction
15.2 Future Prospects and Conclusion

16: Molecular Markers and their Applications in Plant Biotechnology
16.1 Molecular Markers: An Introduction
16.2 Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP)
16.3 Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA Markers (RAPD)
16.4 Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP)
16.5 Inter Simple Sequence Repeats (ISSR)
16.6 Minisatellites, Variable Number of Tandem Repeats (VNTR)
16.7 Microsatellites or Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR)
16.8 Single-Strand Conformation Polymorphism (SSCP)
16.9 Cleaved Amplified Polymorphic Sequence (CAPS)
16.11 Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP)
16.12 Sequence-Specific Amplified Polymorphism (S-SAP)
16.13 DNA amplification fingerprinting (DAF)
16.14 Arbitrary primed polymerase chain reaction (AP-PCR)
16.15 Interretrotransposon Amplified Polymorphism (IRAP) and Retrotransposon- Microsatellite Amplified Polymorphism (REMAP)
16.16 Retrotransposon-Based Insertional Polymorphism (RBIP)
16.17 Applications of Molecular Markers In Plant Genome Analysis and Breeding
16.18 Conclusions
16.19 Future Prospects

17: Use of Molecular Markers in Medicinal Climber
17.1 Introduction
17.2 Application of Molecular Markers in Genetic Studies of Some Important Medicinal Climbers
17.3 Conclusions
17.4 Future prospects

18: Selective Protocols for In Vitro Propagation of Threatened Medicinal Climbers
18.1 Introduction
18.2 Climber
18.3 Importance of Ornamental Plants
18.4 Plant Tissue Culture
18.5 Advancement in Production of Secondary Metabolites via Plant Tissue Culture
18.6 Conclusions

19: In Vitro Protocols for Ornamental Climbers
19.1 Introduction
19.2 Type Studies
19.3 Concluding Remarks and Future Prospects

20: Contribution of Biotechnology in the Enhancement of Secondary Metabolites in Selected Medicinal Climbers
20.1 Introduction
20.2 Biotechnological Tools
20.3 Medicinal Climbers and Use of Biotechnological Tools
20.4 Future Prospects for Improvement of Important Bioactive Molecules of Medicinal Climbers
20.6 Conclusions

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Prof. Shahzad is the co-Editor of: Recent Trends in Biotechnology and Therapeutic Applications of Medicinal Plants


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