The successful conservation of bird species relies upon our understanding of their habitat use and requirements. In the coming decades the importance of such knowledge will only grow as climate change, the development of new energy sources and the needs of a growing human population intensify the, already significant, pressure on the habitats that birds depend on. Drawing on valuable recent advances in our understanding of bird-habitat relationships, Birds and Habitat provides the first major review of avian habitat selection in over twenty years. It offers a synthesis of concepts, patterns and issues that will interest students, researchers and conservation practitioners. Spatial scales ranging from landscape to habitat patch are covered, and examples of responses to habitat change are examined. European landscapes are the main focus, but Birds and Habitat has far wider significance to similar habitats worldwide, with examples and relevant material also drawn from North America and Australia.
List of contributors
Part I. The Complexity of Patterns and Processes
1. The bird and its habitat: an overview of concepts Robert J. Fuller
2. Habitat quality and habitat occupancy by birds in variable environments Robert J. Fuller
3. Spatial variation and temporal shifts in habitat use by birds at the European scale Tomasz Weso?owski and Robert J. Fuller
4. Mechanisms and processes underlying landscape structure effects on bird populations Paul M. Dolman
5. Avian responses to transitional habitats in temperate cultural landscapes: woodland edges and young growth Robert J. Fuller
6. Habitat associations of birds in complex changing cultural landscapes Shelley A. Hinsley and Simon Gillings
7. The importance of habitat heterogeneity at multiple scales for birds in European agricultural landscapes Juliet Vickery and Raphaël Arlettaz
Part II. Case Studies of Habitat Use and Selection
8. Spatial variation and habitat relationships in moorland bird assemblages: a British perspective Murray C. Grant and James W. Pearce-Higgins
9. Arctic-alpine mountain birds in northern Europe: contrasts between specialists and generalists Des B. A. Thompson, John Atle Kålås and Ingvar Byrkjedal
10. Bird-habitat relationships in reedswamps and fens Gillian Gilbert and Ken W. Smith
11. Breeding waders on wet grassland: factors influencing habitat suitability Malcolm Ausden and Mark Bolton
12. Processes influencing bird use of estuarine mudflats and saltmarshes in western Europe Jennifer A. Gill
13. Avian habitat use on the non-estuarine intertidal coast Niall H. K. Burton
14. Temperate western European woodland as a dynamic environment for birds: a resource-based view Robert J. Fuller, Ken W. Smith and Shelley A. Hinsley
Part III. Wider Perspectives
15. What is habitat quality? Dissecting a research portfolio on shorebirds Theunis Piersma
16. Understanding individual life histories and habitat choices: implications for explaining population patterns and processes Beat Naef-Daenzer
17. Insufficient adaptation to climate change alters avian habitat quality and thereby changes habitat selection Christiaan Both
18. Australian birds in a changing landscape: 220 years of European colonisation Tara G. Martin, Carla P. Catterall, Adrian D. Manning and Judit Szabo
19. Birds in cultural landscapes: actual and perceived differences between north-east North America and western Europe Jean-Louis Martin, Pierre Drapeau, Lenore Fahrig, Kathryn Freemark Lindsay, David Anthony Kirk, Adam C. Smith and Marc-André Villard
20. Birds and their changing habitat: thoughts on research and conservation strategies Robert J. Fuller
"[...] As a collection of essays, this work will serve many purposes. It is of interest to theoretical ecologists and modellers, to habitat conservationists in the field, and to the vast army of birders who wish to explore the ecological relationships between birds and their environment."
Peter Moore, British Ecological Society Bulletin, August 2013
"If you have ever wondered why a bird occurs in a particular place, why it is associated with a particular aspect of habitat, or noticed that in different countries you find the same species in different habitats from those you are accustomed to in Britain, then I strongly recommend this book to you. [...] Although there are 32 different contributors, the chapters have been edited into a common style, making it easy to move between chapters. I haven’t counted the species covered by the book, but the index of bird names runs to almost six pages so there is something here for everyone! Buying and reading this book is a good investment and it deserves a wide audience."
- Mark Holling, britishbirds.co.uk, 25-02-2014
"It is impossible in a short review to give credit to the full range of subjects covered here. Nevertheless, such is the richness of the content that everyone will find something of value. It is a book that should be read by everyone who wishes to further their understanding of
the world around us, scientists and conservationists alike. The extensive bibliographies at the end of each chapter are in themselves a mine of information."
- C.M. Perrins, Ibis 156, 2014