The tropical montane forests or cloud forests are called Sholas in Southern India. These forests, popularly known as the sky islands, are summits of biodiversity in the Western Ghats, holding many unique plants and animals. This is the first of its kind book on the bryophytes of shola forest of Western Ghats in Kerala. The Anamudi Shola NP is composed of three shola patches, Mannavan Shola, Pullaradi Shola and Idivara Shola and ranging between the altitude zone of 1600 to 2440 m in the Western Ghats of Idukki district of Kerala. A total of 153 species of bryophytes described with keys for families, genera and species and more than 170 colour plates make it an ideal taxonomic guide on the bryophytes of the Western Ghats, especially the hilly areas.