PREFACE. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS, FIRST EDITION. I FUNDAMENTALS. 1 Catalyst Fundamentals. 1.1 The Basics: Activity and Selectivity. 1.2 Dispersed Catalyst Model. 1.3 The Steps in Heterogeneous Catalysis. 1.4 The Arrhenius Equation. 1.5 Signi.cance of the Rate Limiting Step. 2 The Preparation of Catalytic Materials: Carriers, Active Components, and Monolithic Substrates. 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Carriers. 2.3 Making the Finished Catalyst. 2.4 Nomenclature for Dispersed Catalysts. 2.5 Monolithic Materials as Catalyst Substrates. 2.6 Preparing Monolithic Catalysts. 2.7 Catalytic Monoliths. 2.8 Catalyzed Monolithic Nomenclature. 2.9 Precious Metal Recovery from Monolithic Catalysts. 3 Catalyst Characterization. 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 Physical Properties of Catalysts. 3.3 Chemical Properties. 3.4 Ex Situ Techniques. 4 Monolithic Reactors for Environmental Catalysis. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 Chemical Kinetic Control. 4.3 Bulk Mass Transfer. 4.4 Reactor Bed Pressure Drop. 4.5 Summary. 5 Catalyst Deactivation. 5.1 Introduction. 5.2 Thermally Induced Deactivation. 5.3 Poisoning. 5.4 Washcoat Loss. II MOBILE SOURCES. 6 Automotive Catalyst. 6.1 Emissions and Regulations. 6.2 The Catalytic Reactions for Pollution Abatement. 6.3 The Physical Structure of the Catalytic Converter. 6.4 First Generation Converter: Oxidation Catalyst (1976 1979). 6.5 NOx, CO, and HC Reduction: The Second Generation (1979 1986). 6.6 Vehicle Test Procedure (U.S., Europe, and Japan). 6.7 NOx, CO, and HC Reduction: The Third Generation (1986 1992). 6.8 Palladium TWC Catalyst: The Fourth Generation (Mid 90s). 6.9 Low Emission Catalyst Technologies. 6.10 Modern TWC Technologies for the 2000s. 6.11 Toward a Zero Emission Stoichiometric Spark Ignited Vehicle. 6.12 Lean Burn Spark Ignited Gasoline Engine. 7 Automotive Substrates. 7.1 Introduction to Ceramic Substrates. 7.2 Requirements for Substrates. 7.3 Design and Sizing of Substrates. 7.4 Physical Properties of Substrates. 7.5 Physical Durability. 7.6 Advances in Substrate Development. 7.7 Commercial Applications. 7.8 Summary. 7A Appendix. 8 Diesel Engine Emissions. 8.1 Introduction. 8.2 Worldwide Diesel Emission Standards. 8.3 NOx Particulate Tradeo. 8.4 Analytic Procedures. 8.5 Diesel Oxidation Catalyst for Treating SOF Portion of Particulates. 8.6 Catalytic Reduction of Emissions from Diesel Passenger Cars. 8.7 Catalyst Deactivation of the Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC). 8.8 Treating Soot Using Diesel Particulate Filters (DPFs). 8.9 Dry Carbon Oxidation: Technologies under Development. 8.10 NOx Reduction Technologies under Development. 8.11 Natural Gas Engines. 9 Diesel Catalyst Supports. 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 Diesel Oxidation Catalyst Supports. 9.3 Design and Sizing of Diesel Filters. 9.4 Regeneration Techniques. 9.5 Physical Properties and Durability. 9.6 Advances in Diesel Filters. 9.7 Applications. 9.8 Summary. 10 Ozone Abatement within Jet Aircraft. 10.1 Introduction. 10.2 Ozone Abatement. 10.3 Deactivation. 10.4 Analysis of In flight Samples. 10.5 NewTechnology. III STATIONARY SOURCES. 11 Volatile Organic Compounds. 11.1 Introduction. 11.2 Catalytic Incineration. 11.3 Halogenated Hydrocarbons. 11.4 Food Processing. 11.5 Wood Stoves. 11.6 Small Engines. 11.7 Process Design. 11.8 Deactivation. 11.9 Regeneration of Poisoned Catalysts. 12 Reduction of Nox. 12.1 Introduction 306 12.2 Nonselective Catalytic Reduction (NSCR) of Nox. 12.3 Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) of NOx. 12.4 Commercial Experience. 12.5 Nitrous Oxide (N). 12.6 Catalytically Supported Thermal Combustion. 13 Carbon Monoxide and Hydrocarbon Abatement from Gas Turbines. 13.1 Introduction. 13.2 Catalyst for Carbon Monoxide Abatement. 13.3 Nonmethane Hydrocarbon (NMHC) Removal. 13.4 Oxidation of Reactive Hydrocarbons. 13.5 Oxidation of Unreactive, Light Paraffins. 13.6 Catalyst Deactivation. IV EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES. 14 Fuel Cells. 14.1 Introduction. 14.2 Background. 14.3 The Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) Fuel Cell. 14.4 Hydrogen Generation. 14.5 Alkaline Fuel Cell. 14.6 Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cell. 14.7 Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell. 14.8 Solid Oxide Fuel Cell. 14.9 Direct Methanol Fuel Cell. 14.10 Commentary. 15 Ambient Air Cleanup. 15.1 Introduction. 15.2 PremAir(r) Catalyst Systems. 15.3 Other Approaches. INDEX.
RONALD M. HECK is a principal scientist and research manager responsible for developing new environmental catalysts for Engelhard's worldwide customers. ROBERT J. FARRAUTO is a research fellow with Engelhard involved in all aspects of catalysis for the environmental, chemical, and petroleum industries. SURESH T. GULATI is a research fellow at Corning. His research interests include the behavior of brittle materials subjected to mechanical and thermal loads, the design of glass and ceramic products, and strengthening methods for glasses.
...an authoritative treatise...coverage is comprehensive, well illustrated and exceedingly well referenced. (Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 96, No. 1, January 2003) "...the new edition secures the position of this book as the primary reference for commercial catalytic air pollution control technology..." (CATTECH, Vol. 7, No. 1) "The authors have updated this edition with more information...they have done an excellent job..." (Chemical Health & Safety, March/April 2003)