All Shops

Go to British Wildlife

6 issues per year 84 pages per issue Subscription only

British Wildlife is the leading natural history magazine in the UK, providing essential reading for both enthusiast and professional naturalists and wildlife conservationists. Published six times a year, British Wildlife bridges the gap between popular writing and scientific literature through a combination of long-form articles, regular columns and reports, book reviews and letters.

Subscriptions from £25 per year

Conservation Land Management

4 issues per year 44 pages per issue Subscription only

Conservation Land Management (CLM) is a quarterly magazine that is widely regarded as essential reading for all who are involved in land management for nature conservation, across the British Isles. CLM includes long-form articles, events listings, publication reviews, new product information and updates, reports of conferences and letters.

Subscriptions from £18 per year
Academic & Professional Books  Reference  Physical Sciences  Mathematics

Causality: Models, Reasoning and Inference

Out of Print
By: J Pearl
384 pages, Figs, tabs
Causality: Models, Reasoning and Inference
Click to have a closer look
Select version
  • Causality: Models, Reasoning and Inference ISBN: 9780521773621 Hardback May 2000 Out of Print #134595
About this book Contents Related titles

About this book

Causality offers the first comprehensive coverage of causal analysis in many sciences, including recent advances using graphical methods. Pearl presents a unified account of the probabilistic, manipulative, counterfactual and structural approaches to causation, and devises simple mathematical tools for analyzing the relationships between causal connections, statistical associations, actions and observations. The book will open the way for including causal analysis in the standard curriculum of statistics, artificial intelligence, business, epidemiology, social science and economics.


1. Introduction to probabilities, graphs, and causal models; 2. A theory of inferred causation; 3. Causal diagrams and the identification of causal effects; 4. Actions, plans, and direct effects; 5. Causality and structural models in the social sciences; 6. Simpson's paradox, confounding, and collapsibility; 7. Structural and counterfactual models; 8. Imperfect experiments: bounds and counterfactuals; 9. Probability of causation: interpretation and identification; Epilogue: the art and science of cause and effect.

Customer Reviews

Out of Print
By: J Pearl
384 pages, Figs, tabs
Media reviews
'Without assuming much beyond elementary probability theory. Judea pearl's book provides an attractive tour of recent work, in which he has played a central role, on causal models and causal reasoning. Due to his efforts, and that of a few others, a Renaissance in thinking and using causal concepts is taking place.' Patrick Suppes, Center for the Study of Language and Information, Stanford University 'Judea Pearl has come to statistics and causation with enthusiasm and creativity. his work is always thought provoking and worth careful study. This book proves to be no exception. Time and again I found myself disagreeing both with his assumptions and with his conclusions, but I was also fascinated by new insights into problems I thought I already understood well. This book illustrates the rich contributions Pearl has made to the statistical literature and to our collective understanding of models for causal reasoning.' Stephen Fienberg, Maurice Falk University professor of Statistics and Social Science, Carnegie Mellon University 'The book is extremely well written, and while mathematically precise, provides a thought-provoking study of causality and its implications.' Computing Review
Current promotions
Best of Winter 2018Harper CollinsOrder your free copy of our 2018 equipment catalogueBritish Wildlife