Is there a low-carbon future for the oil industry? Faced with compelling new geological evidence, the petroleum industry can no longer ignore the consequences of climate change brought on by consumption of its products. Yet the global community will continue to burn fossil fuels as we manage the transition to a low-carbon economy.
As a geologist, oil man, academic and erstwhile politician, Bryan Lovell is uniquely well placed to describe the tensions accompanying the gradual greening of the petroleum industry over the last decade. He describes how, given the right lead from government, the oil industry could be environmental saviours, not villains, playing a crucial role in stabilising emissions through the capture and underground storage of carbon dioxide.
Challenging prejudices of both the environmentalists and the oil industry, Lovell ultimately assigns responsibility to us as consumers and our elected governments, highlighting the need for decisive leadership and urgent action to establish an international framework of policy and regulation.
Acknowledgements; Preface; 1. Geologists on the road to Kyoto; 2. A crucial message from 55 million years ago; 3. An Atlantic divide in Big Oil; 4. What is the oil industry supposed to do?; 5. The size of the problem and the scale of the answer; 6. Safe storage: from villain to hero: 6.1 Accepting blemishes; 6.2 Taking responsibility; 6.3 Oil reservoirs to the rescue?; 7. Taking it a decade at a time; 8. The proof in the Puddingstone; References; Index.
Bryan Lovell holds BA and MSc degrees in geology from the University of Oxford and a Ph.D from Harvard University. Following 12 years as a lecturer in geology at the University of Edinburgh and as a consultant to the oil industry, he worked for BP Exploration from 1981 to 1996, joining as Chief Sedimentologist, and subsequently holding positions as Exploration Manager and General Manager Ireland, International Exploration Manager with special responsibility for Middle East, and Head of Recruitment, BP Group. He is currently a Senior Research Fellow in Earth Sciences at the University of Cambridge, working on controls exercised by mantle convection on the elevation of Earth's surface, and continues to provide consultancy advice to the oil industry. Dr Lovell was the Scottish Liberal Party energy spokesman from 1978 to 1979 and ran as a parliamentary candidate in 1979, finishing third out of five behind Michael Ancram and Gordon Brown. He was awarded an OBE in 1989 for services to Anglo-Irish relations and has recently been elected President-designate of The Geological Society of London (2010-2012).
'The author's enthusiasm leaps out of every page and the result is a very readable, jargon-free and informative book on climate change. As a geologist he sets the present in the context of past changes. Anecdotes, personal reminiscences and clear science will captivate and inform the general reader and may well offer new insights to the specialist. A really good read.' Lord Oxburgh, House of Lords Science and Technology Committee 'As a geologist Lovell gives an authoritative insider's view of the oil industry's various approaches to climate change and the contribution industry can make through carbon capture and storage. Enlivening the book with geological insights, he also maps out the government frameworks needed to meet the climate challenge.' Sir Mark Moody-Stuart, former Chairman of Royal Dutch/Shell and Anglo American plc 'Bryan Lovell's voice is a new one on the climate change stage. Compelling, lucid, and enjoyable - this book demystifies geology for the non-specialist and elucidates how geologists and the oil industry can contribute solutions to the problem of global climate change.' Robert Socolow, Princeton University 'Bryan Lovell has produced a remarkable book which draws on a lifetime of experience in the oil industry to identify new and creative ways of dealing with the challenge of global warming. This is a book which deserves the widest audience not just within the scientific community and the energy industry but also at the highest levels of policy making.' Nick Butler, University of Cambridge and Senior Policy Adviser, 10 Downing Street 'Bryan weaves a compellingly entertaining story - the Oil Industry's change in attitude to carbon is well documented, as is the capability for 'putting the carbon back'. The book then highlights the author's frustration at the continued absence of an international regulatory regime that is capable of addressing the real objective function.' David Jenkins, Director of BHP Billiton plc and former Director Technology BP plc 'The central theme of Challenged by Carbon, that the oil and gas industry is a vital part of the solution as we transition slowly to a lower carbon energy future, is one that I heartily endorse.' Scott W. Tinker, University of Texas at Austin, State Geologist of Texas and former President of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists 'This is an unusual book, intertwining two stories, one of them 55 million years old, and one less than 55 years old. I've not heard either story told before, and both are fascinating.' David MacKay, Chief Scientific Advisor of the Department of Energy and Climate Change "Climate change fatigue' is said to be an ailment slowly spreading through the media. As Copenhagen takes over the headlines, Bryan Lovell's lively new book - peering into the doubts, concerns and prejudices that have dogged climate negotiators - is an instant tonic for this malady.' Nature 'This book speaks to the experts with an authoritative voice.' The Times 'In an engaging way, Bryan Lovell's book is dealing with the serious issue of how to double the amount of energy supplied by the middle of this century with half the carbon dioxide. ... It is a thought-provoking, important book dealing with one of the most important issues of our time, that should be read.' Miriam Kastner, Scripps Institution of Oceanography 'Bryan Lovell is well placed to overcome [climate change] problems ... the author makes some interesting connections between rocks, Romans and reservoirs. This is a thought-provoking book, which incorporates much of the latest research.' Don Hallett, The Geological Society '... an important book which should be read by anyone concerned about the problems (and possible solutions) of global warming. As a bonus, it's very well written and interesting to read throughout - highly recommended.' The Leading Edge '... it is very much [the] personal insights which provide this volume with its distinctive voice and as such it is a welcome addition to the burgeoning literature on climate change.' Environmental Liability '... this book comes with praise from many scientific and corporate leaders in the oil and gas industry in the UK and the US ... an encouraging book ...' Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society Bulletin