304 pages, 124 illus
Plant biomass resources are seen as a vast reservoir of potential to be unlocked as sustainable fiber, fuel and chemical feedstock for the 21st century. Vital to the achievement of this promise are fundamental investigations on the nature and industrial application of lignocellulosic materials.
This volume brings together a broad array of scientific expertise to focus on the characterization and utilization of cellulosic materials. Researchers from Austria, Germany, Sweden, Japan, New Zealand, Australia and the US explore many facets of the plant cell wall, from its fundamental structure and its manipulation via molecular biology to its application in composite materials. Exciting applications of near infrared spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, confocal microscopy and molecular coupling as a viscoelastic probe provide new insights into the ultrastructure and properties of cellulosic materials.
In total this volume represents a unique contribution to both our understanding and our vision for the sustainable use of biobased materials.
Contributors Preface Acknowledgments Part 1: Cell Wall Assembly and Function: New Frontiers1. Tracheid and Sclereid Differentiation in Callus Cultures of Pinus radiata D. Don: Toward an In Vitro System for Analyzing Gene Function: Ralf Moller, Armando G. McDonald, Christian Walter, Philip J. Harris2. Optimizing for Multiple Functions - Mechanical and Structural Contributions of Cellulose Microfibrils and Lignin in Strengthening Tissues: Lothar Kohler, Frank W. Ewers, and Frank W. Telewski3. Mechanics of the Wood Cell Wall: Ingo Burgert, Jozef Keckes, and Peter Fratzl4. Prediction of Wood Structural Patterns in Trees using Ecological Models of Plant Water Relations: Barbara Gartner5. Preparation and Properties of Cellulose/Xylan Nanocomposites: Sofia Dammstrom, Wolfgang Glasser, and Paul GatenholmPart 2: Probing Cell Wall Structure: Advances in Analysis6. Determining Xylem Cell Wall Properties Using Model Plant Species: Lloyd Donaldson7. The Temperature Dependence of Wood Relaxations: A Molecular Probe of the Woody Cell Wall: Marie-Pierre Laborie8. Rapid Estimation of Tracheid Morphological Characteristics of Green and Dry Wood by Near Infrared Spectroscopy: Laurence R. Schimleck, Christian Mora, and Richard F. Daniels9. Potential titles: Characterization of Wood and Wood Composites by FTIR Chemical Imaging/Advanced Analytical Tools for Characterization of Wood: Nicole Labbe, Timothy Rials, and Steve Kelley10. Near-Infrared Spectroscopic Monitoring of the Diffusion Process of Deuterium-Labeled Molecules in Wood: Satoru Tsuchikawa and H.W. Siesler11. Wood Stiffness by X-Ray Diffractometry: Robert EvansPart 3: Mesostructure and Applications: Science in Practice12. Selected Mesostructure Properties in Loblolly Pine from Arkansas Plantations: David E. Kretschmann, Steven M. Cramer, Roderic Lakes, and Troy Schmidt13. Changes of Microfibril Angle after Radial Compression of Loblolly Pine Earlywood Specimens: Chih-Lin Huang14. Variation in Kink and Curl of Longleaf Pine (Pinus palustris) Fibers: Brian Via, Todd F. Shupe, Leslie H. Groom, Michael Stine, and Chi-Leung So15. Effect of chemical fractionation treatments on silicon dioxide in the cell wall of Oryza sativa: Maria Inglesby, Delilah F. Wood, and Gregory M. Gray16. Characterization of Water Soluble Components from MDF Fibers: Armando McDonald, Andrew B. Clare, and A. Roger Meder17. Effects of Refining Pressure on the Properties of Individual Wood Fibers: Leslie H. Groom, Chi-Leung So, Thomas Elder, Thomas Pesacreta, and Timothy G. Rials18. Wood Structure and Adhesive Bond Strength: Charles R. Frihart19. Adhesion Mechanisms of Durable Wood Adhesive Bonds: Douglas J. Gardner Index
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Douglas D Stokke is Assistant Professor at Department of Natural Resource Ecology and Management, Iowa State University, and is past president of the Society of Wood Science and Technology. Leslie H. Groom is Project Leader for the Utilization of Southern Forest Resources Research Unit of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station.