The checklist of all known leaf beetle (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) taxa of Eastern Europe and Northern Asia is provided. It contains 16 subfamilies, 167 genera and 1826 species and subspecies. The replacement name Longitarsus silbursaicus Lopatin, new name, is provided for Longitarsus seriepunctatus Lopatin, 1966 (non Roubal, 1943). The history of the leaf beetle studies in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia is briefly outlined. Zoogeographic features of the fauna, particularly endemism, are also discussed.