It is now widely accepted that adaptation will be necessary if we are to manage the risks posed by climate change. What we know about adaptation, however, is limited. While there is a well established body of scholarship proposing assessment approaches and explaining concepts, few studies have examined if and how adaptation is taking place at a national or regional level. This deficit in understanding is particularly pronounced in developed nations which have typically been assumed to have a low vulnerability to climate change. Yet as recent research highlights, this assumption is misplaced: developed nations are experiencing the most pronounced changes in climatic conditions globally and have significant pockets of vulnerability as Hurricane Katrina and the European heatwave demonstrate.
Chapters in this book profile cases from different sectors and regions in developed nations where specific adaptation measures have been identified, implemented, and evaluated: the focus is 'from theory to practice.' The book is organized around seven sections: Section I: Introduction and overview; Section II: Climate change adaptation in the public health sector; Section III: Climate change adaptation in the industrial sector; Section IV: Climate change adaptation in the urban environment; Section V: Climate change adaptation in the agricultural sector; Section VI: Climate change adaptation in rural and resource dependent communities; and Section VII: Future directions. The contributions provide practical advice and guidance that can help guide adaptation planning in multiple contexts, identifying transferable lessons.
Section I: Introduction and Overview 1. Introduction 2. Climate Change Adaptation as a Social Process 3. Entering the Period of Consequences: The Explosive US Awakening to the Need for Adaptation 4. Perspectives on Adaptation to Climate Change in Europe 5. The Australian Experience 6. Leading the UK Adaptation Agenda: A Landscape of Stakeholders and Networked Organizations for Adaptation to Climate Change 7. Adaptation to Climate Change in Canada: A Multi-level Mosaic Section II: Adaptation in the Public Health Sector 8. Overview: Adaptive Management for the Health Risks of Climate Change 9. Behavioral Health and Risk Perception: Factors in Strengthening Community Resiliency and Emergency Preparedness 10. Lateral Public Health: A Comprehensive Approach to Adaptation in Urban Environments 11. Public Health in Canada and Adaptation to Infectious Disease Risks of Climate Change: Are We Planning or Just Keeping Our Fingers Crossed? 12. Climate Change, Water-related Health Impacts, and Adaptation: Highlights From the Swedish Government's Commission on Climate and Vulnerability 13. Adaptation to the Heat-related Health Impact of Climate Change in Japan 14. Risk Perception, Health Communication and Adaptation to the Health Impacts of Climate Change in Canada Section III: Adaptation in the Industrial Sector 15. Overview: Climate Change Adaptation in Industry 16. Impacts Of and Adaptation to Climate Change in the Electricity Sector in Germany and France 17. The Role of Codes, Standards and Related Instruments in Facilitating Adaptation to Climate Change 18. Learning Adaptation: Climate-related Risk Management in the Insurance Industry 19. Adaptive Capacity of Forest Management Systems on Publicly Owned Forested Landscapes in Canada Section IV: Adaptation in the Urban Environment 20. Overview: Climate Change Adaptation in the Urban Environment 21. Integrated Assessment of Climate Change Impacts on Urban Settlements: Lessons from Five Australian Cases 22. The Role of Local Government in Adapting to Climate Change: Lessons from New-Zealand 23. Perceptions of Risk and Limits for Climate Change Adaptation: Case Studies of Two Swedish Urban Regions 24. Asking the Climate Question: Climate Change Adaptation in King County, Washington Section V: Adaptation in the Agricultural Sector 25. Overview: Climate Change Adaptation in the Agricultural Sector 26. Climate Change and Adaptation of Wheat Producing Nations: Selected Case Studies from Canada and Australia 27. Use of Modern Portfolio Theory to Evaluate Diversification of Agricultural Land Use as An Adaptation to Climate Change Risks in the Tisza River Basin 28. Government Action to Promote Sustainable Adaptation by the Agriculture and Land Management Sector in England Section VI: Adaptation in Rural and Resource-dependent Communities 29. Overview: Climate Change Adaptation in Rural and Resource-dependent Communities 30. Scenarios for Engaging a Rural Australian Community in Climate Change Adaptation Work 31. Coordinating Environmental Protection and Climate Change Adaptation Policy in Resource-dependent Communities: A Case Study from the Tibetan Plateau 32. Mainstreaming Climate Change in Drinking Water Source Protection in Ontario: Challenges and Opportunities 33. Opportunities and Barriers for Adaptation and Local Adaptation Planning in Canadian Rural and Resource-based Communities 34. Anticipatory Adaptation in Marginalized Communities Within Developed Countries Section VII: Future Directions 35. Adaptation to Climate Change: Context, Status and Prospects Index