About this book
South Asia's seasonal and spatial climate variations, from monsoon floods to dry periods and drought, ensures that water resource issues are as critical today as they ever have been. This book highlights the impacts of such extreme climatic fluctuations including damages to infrastructure, property, and animal and human population, and explores the key economic sectors which suffer greatly during these events.
Using hydrologic models to underline aspects and impacts of climatic change, the text emphasizes the possibility of increased vulnerability in such conditions unless adequate adaptation measures are designed and implemented. Dealing with issues of water resources, flood management, climatology and environmental sciences, this is a book of interest to scientists, policy-makers, academics and students alike.
Table of Contents; Foreword R. K. Pachauri xi; Foreword Don MacIver xiii; Preface xv; About the Editors xix; About the Authors xxi; Acronyms xxiii; 1; CLIMATE CHANGE AND WATER RESOURCES IN SOUTH ASIA: AN; INTRODUCTION; M. Monirul Qader Mirza; Q. K. Ahmad; 1.1 Introduction 1; 1.2 Water Availability and Demand in South Asia 2; 1.3 Climate Change and Water Resources 8; 1.4 Climate Change and Future Water Challenges 8; 2; HYDROLOGIC MODELING APPROACHES FOR CLIMATE IMPACT; ASSESSMENT IN SOUTH ASIA; M. Monirul Qader Mirza; 2.1 Introduction 23; 2.2 Hydrologic Models 23; 2.3 Advantages and Limitations of Hydrologic Models in Climate; Change Application 32; 2.4 Application of Hydrologic Models for Climate Change Impact; Assessment in Bangladesh 35; 2.5 Application of Hydrologic Model in India 45; 2.6 Application of Models in Pakistan 46; 2.7 Summary and Concluding Remarks 48
Dr M. Monirul Qader Mirza has extensively researched on hydrological and climate extremes, natural hazards and their management, climate change and water resources and associated vulnerability, impact and adaptation and environmental impacts of water diversions from the transboundary rivers. He received his PhD from the International Global Change Institute (IGCI), University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand on climate change and flooding in Bangladesh in 1998. He contributed as a Coordinating Lead Author (CLA) to the Special Regional Report and the Third Assessment Report (TAR) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) of the United Nations and to the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. He is currently with the Adaptation and Impacts Research Group (AIRG), Meteorological Service Canada, Environment Canada. He is also an Adjunct Professor at the Institute for Environmental Studies (IES), University of Toronto, Canada. He has been declared as a Burtoni Fellow of the Meteorological Service Canada for the year 2004-2005. He is a member of the American Society of Civil Engineers and Professional Engineers, Ontario, Canada. Dr Q. K. Ahmad is a socio-economic specialist of international repute and has to his credit a wide range of research work on environment and water resources, climate change, policy planning, food and agriculture, rural development, poverty alleviation, human development, technology and employment generation, women in development and gender issues. He extensively studied various issues related to water resources development and cooperation in the South Asia Region. He received his PhD from the London School of Economics and Political Science, London University in 1976. He is Chairman and Chief Executive, Bangladesh Unnayan Parishad (BUP), Dhaka. He was the President and International Vice-President of the Association of Development Research and Training Institutes of Asia and the Pacific (ADIPA), Kuala Lumpur and Society for International Development (SID), Rome, respectively. During 1998-2001, he acted as a Coordinating Lead Author to the IPCC.