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Climate change has shaped life in the past and will continue to do so in the future. Understanding the interactions between climate and biodiversity is a complex challenge to science. With contributions from 60 key researchers, this book examines the ongoing impact of climate change on the ecology and diversity of life on earth. It discusses the latest research within the fields of ecology and systematics, highlighting the increasing integration of their approaches and methods.
Topics covered include the influence of climate change on evolutionary and ecological processes such as adaptation, migration, speciation and extinction, and the role of these processes in determining the diversity and biogeographic distribution of species and their populations. This book ultimately illustrates the necessity for global conservation actions to mitigate the effects of climate change in a world that is already undergoing a biodiversity crisis of unprecedented scale.
Part I. Introduction: 1. Integrating ecology and systematics in climate change research T. R. Hodkinson; 2. Climate modelling and deep time climate change R. Caballero and P. Lynch; 3. The perils of addressing long term challenges in a short term world: making descriptive taxonomy predictive R. M. Bateman; Part II. Adaptation, Speciation and Extinction: 4. Global climate and extinction: evidence from the fossil record P. J. Mayhew; 5. Long term fluctuations in atmospheric CO2 concentration influence plant speciation rate J. C. McElwain, K. K. Willis and K. J. Niklas; 6. Wood anatomy and climate change P. Baas and E. A. Wheeler; 7. Savanna biome evolution, climate change and the ecological expansion of C4 grasses Y. Bouchenak-Khelladi and T. R. Hodkinson; 8. Climate warming results in phenotypic and evolutionary changes in spring events: a mini review A. Donnelly, A. Caffarra, E. Diskin, C. T. Kelleher, A. Pletsers, H. Proctor, R. Stirnemann, M. B. Jones, J. O'Halloran, B. F. O'Neill, J. Penuelas and T. Sparks; 9. Terrestrial green algae: systematics, biogeography and expected responses to climate change F. Rindi; Part III. Biogeography, Migration and Ecological Niche Modelling: 10. Biodiversity informatics for climate change studies A. Culham and C. Yesson; 11. Climate envelope models in systematics and evolutionary research: theory and practice D. Rodder, S. Schmidtlein, S. Schick and S. Lotters; 12. Biogeography of cyclamen: an application of phyloclimatic modelling C. Yesson and A. Culham; 13. Cenozoic climate changes and the demise of Tethyan laurel forests: lessons for the future from an integrative reconstruction of the past F. Rodriguez-Sanchez and J. Arroyo; 14. The impact of climate change on the origin and future of East African rain forest trees L. W. Chatrou, J. J. Wieringa and T. L. P. Couvreur; 15. Hybridisation, introgression and climate change: a case study for the tree genus Fraxinus (Oleaceae) M. Thomasset, J. F. Fernandez-Manjarres, G. C. Douglas, N. Frascaria-Lacoste and T. R. Hodkinson; Part IV. Conservation: 16. Assessing the effectiveness of a protected area network in the face of climatic change B. Huntley, D. G. Hole and S. G. Willis; 17. Documenting plant species in a changing climate: a case study from Arabia M. Hall and A. G. Miller; 18. A critical appraisal of the meaning and diagnosability of cryptic evolutionary diversity, and its implications for conservation in the face of climate change J. Bernardo; 19. Climate change and Cyperaceae D. A. Simpson, C. Yesson, A. Culham, C. A. Couch and A. M. Muasya; 20. An interdisciplinary review of climate change trends and uncertainties: lichen biodiversity, arctic alpine ecosystems and habitat loss C. J. Ellis and R. Yahr; 21. Climate change and oceanic mountain vegetation: a case study of the montane heath and associated plant communities in western Irish mountains R. L. Hodd and M. J. Sheehy Skeffington.
Trevor Hodkinson is Senior Lecturer in Botany at the School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College, Dublin. He is Head of the Botany Molecular Laboratory and Assistant Curator of the Herbarium. He specialises in the research fields of molecular systematics, genetic resources and taxonomy. Michael Jones holds the Chair of Botany in the School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College, Dublin. He is a plant ecophysiologist and his research focuses on the study of climate-plant interactions, particularly the effects of climate on photosynthesis, growth and primary productivity. Stephen Waldren is a Lecturer in Botany and Curator of the Trinity College, Dublin, Botanic Garden. His research interests are in the areas of conservation biology and phylogeography. John Parnell is Head of the School of Natural Sciences at Trinity College, Dublin, and Curator of the Herbarium. His research interests are predominantly in the fields of plant taxonomy and systematics, working mainly on the floras of Ireland and Thailand.