All Shops

Go to British Wildlife

6 issues per year 84 pages per issue Subscription only

British Wildlife is the leading natural history magazine in the UK, providing essential reading for both enthusiast and professional naturalists and wildlife conservationists. Published six times a year, British Wildlife bridges the gap between popular writing and scientific literature through a combination of long-form articles, regular columns and reports, book reviews and letters.

Subscriptions from £25 per year

Conservation Land Management

4 issues per year 44 pages per issue Subscription only

Conservation Land Management (CLM) is a quarterly magazine that is widely regarded as essential reading for all who are involved in land management for nature conservation, across the British Isles. CLM includes long-form articles, events listings, publication reviews, new product information and updates, reports of conferences and letters.

Subscriptions from £18 per year
Academic & Professional Books  Environmental & Social Studies  Economics, Politics & Policy  Sustainable Development: General

Closing the Circle Democratization and Development in Africa

By: Richard Sandbrook
180 pages, Tabs
Publisher: Zed Books
Closing the Circle
Click to have a closer look
Select version
  • Closing the Circle ISBN: 9781856498289 Paperback Jan 2001 Usually dispatched within 6 days
  • Closing the Circle ISBN: 9781856498272 Hardback Jan 2001 Temporarily out of stock: order now to get this when available
Selected version: £25.99
About this book Contents Customer reviews Related titles

About this book

It is a truism that many African countries face a three-pronged tribulation - political tyranny; failed capitalist development; and violent domestic conflict. What is less clear, Richard Sandbrook argues in this thoughtful reflection on African democracy and development, is what relationship may exist between effective democratic institutions and the solution of the last two problems. Drawing on a lifetime's study of African politics, he draws particularly on the experience with democratisation of a carefully selected sample of countries: Ghana, Mali and Niger in West Africa; Zambia, Tanzania and Madagascar in East Africa; and Sudan.


Part 1 Patterns and perspectives: from authoritarianism to democracy; democratization and deadly conflict; democratization, economic reform and the state; the future - democracy, development and globalization. Part 2 The real world of African democracy: elections - how free and fair?; party systems or factional systems?; civil and political rights - how protected?; the practice and promise of democratization. Part 3 Democratization and deadly conflict: the complex political emergency syndrome; deadly conflict in the Sudan; democratization as antidote; prognosis - uncertain. Part 4 Democratization and market reforms: governmental commitment to reform; building potential coalitions for neo-liberal reform; administrative capacity; adjustment and reform. Part 5 Democratization and state rehabilitation: the politics of economic decline and renewal; neo-patrimonialism resurgent - Rawlings as the new Nkrumah; democratization and macroeconomic performance; countermovement - liberal institutional reform; historical legacies and institutional change. Part 6 Closing the circle: the pragmatic neo-liberal strategy; a "social-democratic" globalization?.

Customer Reviews

By: Richard Sandbrook
180 pages, Tabs
Publisher: Zed Books
Current promotions
Field Guide SalePelagic PublishingBritish WildlifeNest Box Price List 2019