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This book deals with the role of plants in combating desertification. Desertification - the degradation of soils in drylands - is a phenomenon occurring in scores of countries around the globe. The number of people (in semiarid regions) affected by the steady decline in the productivity of their lands is in the hundred millions. This work provides the reader with the experience of scientists from 30 countries and international institutions around the globe, working in cold and warm dry regions to bring plant-based solutions to one of the most severe problems of our times. The measures required to halt or reverse the process of desertification fall into many categories - policy, institutional, sociological/anthropological, and technical.
Introduction. 1. Some Observations Relating to the Global Agricultural Situation; Y. Abt. 2. Combating Poverty with Plants; D. Pasternak. Part I: Potential Germplasm for Arid Lands. 3. The Role of Horticulture Plants in Combating Desertification; T.A. Mtaita, et al. 4. Terfezias, a Family of Mycorrhizal Edible Mushrooms for Arid Zones; V. Kagan-Zur. 5. The Role and Potential of Traditional Tuber Crops in Malawi; M.F.A. Maliro. 6. Honeybees and Nectariferous Plants in the Desert are an Important Factor to Sustain Modern Agriculture; D. Eisikowitch. 7. Importance of Non-Wood Forest Product as Source of Rural Women's Income in Western Burkina Faso; N. Lamien, G. Vognan. 8. Ethnobotany and Importance of Three Local Species in Northern Cameroon; J.M. Fondoun, J. Onana. 9. Potentials of Non-Wood Forest Products of the Semiarid Regions of Uganda; J.P. Elokaokich. 10. Biodiversity Prospecting in Drylands of Latin America; B.N. Timmermann. 11. Provenance Trial for Indigenous Tree Species: Schinziophyton rautanenii schinz; L. Simwanda. Part II: Introduction, Domestication and Dissemination of Arid Land Plants. 12. Introduction and Selection of Drought and Salt Tolerant Plants for Afforestation and Landscaping in Arid Lands; Y.B. Dov, et al. 13. The Screening of Multipurpose Tree Species for Agroforestry Practices in the Semiarid Ecozone of Ghana; J. Cobbina. 14. Results of 50-years of Studies on Afforestation as related to the Problem of Desertification Control in Ciscaspian Lowland in Russia; M.L. Sizemskaya, et al. 15. Citrullus colocynthis, an Israeli Desert Plant, as a Potential Source of Edible Oil; D. Schafferman, et al. 16. Euphorbia tirucalli for High Biomass Production; P.L.J. Van Damme. 17. Boraginaceae as Potential Sources of Gamma-Linolenic Acid; H.F. Rappoport, et al. 18. Root Involvement in Plant Development and Productivity under Semiarid Conditions; A. Carmi. 19. Acacia mearnsii for Income Generation and Environmental Protection in Kenya; N.M. Onchere. 20. Potential of Australian Acacias for Human Food; T. Rinaudo. 21. The Effect of Shade on Initial Growth, Development and Occurrences of Leaf Diseases in Wild Indigenous Fruit Trees; S.M. Mateke. 22. Afforestation of Semiarid Areas of Tanzania: Focusing on the Root Compartment; E. Munyanziza. 23. Introduction of Cacti as Vegetable Crops for Israel; A. Nerd, et al. 24. Upscaling the Experimental Planting of Argania spinosa at Kibbutz Ketura, Israel; E.M. Solowey. 25. Mungbean (Cigna radiata L.), a Choice Crop for Improvement of Human and Soil Health in Southern Africa; M.L. Chadha. 26. Many Problems and Some Solutions to the Commercialisation of NTFPs in Botswana; F.W. Taylor. 27. Fighting Desertification by Production and Use of Jatropha Oil; R.K. Henning. Part III: Land Rehabilitation. 28. Combating Desertification with Seabuckthorn; L. Rongsen. 29. Reversing Desertification with Tamarix in China; W. Liu, M. Liu. 30. Bioreclamation of Saline Soils of the Western Coast of Senegal; M. Diatta, et al. 31. Utilizing the Underground Forest: Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration of Trees; T. Rinaudo. 32. Sand Dune Stabilization with Plants in China; W. Shen. 33. Development of a Technology for Sand Dune Stabilization in Northern Nigeria; O. Babalola. 34. Sand Dune Stabilization Practices Implemented in Turkey; B. Cevik. 35. Desertification in the West Bank and Gaza Strip; I. Nofal, T. Barakhat. 36. Reversing Desertification through Large, Herding Ungulates; S. Horst. Part IV: Mechanisms of Plant Transfer. 37. Passive Transfer: The Eden Experience in Niger; A.V. Garvi. 38. Response to Agroforestry Intervention: The Case of Subsistence Farmers in Semiarid Homa Bay District, Kenya; A.A. Kaudia. 39. FAO, Plants and Sustainable Development in Drylands; M.C.M. Porto. 40. Combating Desertification with Trees: the Uganda Experience; R. Mubiru. 41. Promoting Indigenous Tree Species Plantation in the Sahel, with Special Reference to Burkina Faso; A. Nikiema. 42. Incorporating Tree and Shrub Species into Small Scale Farming Systems in the Dry Region of Indonesia; A.P. Djogo. 43. Obstacles to the Adoption of Cover Crops: The Mucuna in Benin; E.N. Houngbo. Index.