About this book
This book is the product of a six-year multi-disciplinary collaborative research program in sustainable agriculture and natural resource management. It describes the transition of the conflict-ridden agricultural and pastoral systems of arid and semi-arid regions of West Africa to more intensified agricultural and animal husbandry systems. The research investigates technological options and decision tools and explores a replicable methodology for building social capital within a rural community in the Inland Delta of the Niger River. The chapters recount the efforts of researchers and development agents to identify new approaches for sustainable development and the experiences of the local population seeking a pathway from poverty and food insecurity to a healthy economy and environment.
Part I: Background; Conflict and Agropastoral Development in the Sahel, K M Moore and M Bertelsen, Virginia Tech, USA, S Cisse and A Kodio, Institut d'Economie Rurale, Mali; The Lifescape - Production Systems and Social Institutions, S Cisse, K M Moore, and C Brewster, Virginia Tech, USA; Landscape and Soil Characteristics of Madiama Commune, O Badini, Washington State University, USA, and L Dioni, Institut d'Economie Rurale, Mali; Investigation into the Movements of Cattle, Sheep and Goat Herds Through the Commune of Madiama, A Bailo and A Karim Ouattara, Institut d'Economie Rurale, Mali; Land Use Changes in Madiama Commune, R H Wynne, Virginia Tech. USA, M S M Toure, Institut d'Economie Rurale, Mali, N Sengupta, Virginia Tech. USA, and A Bailo; Part II: Interventions; Participatory Landscape Lifescape Appraisal, J Earl, Preventing Harm Minnesota, USA, and A Kodio; Building Social Infrastructure for Sustainable Development, K M Moore, S Cisse, and A Toure, Local Governance Advisor, CARE/Tombouctou, Mali; Conflict Management Training, J Goebel, Goebel & Associates, USA, C Ampagoomian, Tulane University, USA, and A Toure; Holistic Management Applied to Sanrem Research and Development in Madiama, S Bingham, Allan Savory Center for Holistic Management, USA; Part III: Findings; Farmers' Knowledge and Perceptions of Soil Fertility, T A Crane, University of Georgia, USA, and B Traore, Institut d'Economie Rurale, Mali; Biophysical Assessment of Alternative Soil Fertility Technologies Through Modeling, O Badini, B Traore, and M S M Toure; An Economic Evaluation of Alternative Soil Management Technologies, P Wyeth, Washington State University, USA, B Traore, O Badini, M S M Toure, and C Brewster; Economic Linkages Among Occupational Groups in the Commune of Madiama, C Brewster, D Kabore, Institut de l'environnement et des recherches agricoles, Burkino Faso, M Berteisen, and P Wyeth; Dry Season Feed Supplements: The Potential Role of Cassia tora, M El Hadj and O Abaye, Virginia Tech. USA, A Kodio, and M Keita, Institut d'Economie Rurale, Mali; Controlled Grazing: Botanical Response and Animal Performance, O Abaye, M El Hadj, A Kodio, and M Keita; Social Capital and Improved NRM, K M Moore and S Cisse; What We Have Learned, K M Moore, C Brewster, and M Berteisen