Brings together international experts to examine interactions between the biology of wildlife and the divergent goals of people involved in hunting, fishing, gathering and culling wildlife. It explores the biology and conservation of species that are harvested from the wild, including examples from Amazonian mammals hunted by indigenous peoples to large-scale commercial fisheries. It also reviews basic ecological principles for sustainable exploitation combined with discussions of how to strike a balance between conservation goals and the commercial and social needs of those who depend upon wildlife.
'! this important volume will suggest where conservation needs to go from here.' Ian Powell, Biologist '! a very useful text which is well-written and stimulating.' British Ecological Society's Teaching Ecology Group Newsletter '! anyone concerned with applied ecology and conservation will find this book of interest ! should find a home on the shelf of any conservation biologist, and brings together valuable insights and fascinating case studies that will be useful in university courses on ecology, conservation and population dynamics.' Tony J. Pitcher, Environmental Conservation '! an excellent resource, and will be a key reference in my own teaching.' TRENDS in Ecology and Evolution
List of contributors; Foreword Sir Robert May; Part I. Setting the Scene: 1. Exploitation as a conservation issue Georgina M. Mace and John D. Reynolds; 2. Can we exploit sustainably? Donald Ludwig; Part II. Population-Based Approaches: 3. The gospel of maximum sustainable yield in fisheries management: birth, crucifixion and reincarnation Andre E. Punt and Anthony D. M. Smith; 4. Sustainable exploitation of fluctuating populations Russell Lande, Bernt-Erik Sather and Steinar Engen; 5. The exploitation of spatially structured populations E. J. Milner-Gulland; 6. The conservation of exploited species in an uncertain world: novel methods and the failure of traditional techniques Paul R. Wade; Part III. Taxonomic Comparisons: 7. Life histories of fishes and population responses to exploitation John D. Reynolds, Simon Jennings and Nicholas K. Dulvy; 8. Mammalian life histories and responses of populations to exploitation Andy Purvis; 9. Trade of live wild birds: potentials, principles, and practices of sustainable use Steven R. Beissinger; 10. Game vertebrate extraction in African and Neotropical forests: an intercontinental comparison John E. Fa and Carlos A. Peres; 11. Lessons from the plant kingdom for conservation of exploited species Charles M. Peters; Part IV. From Individuals to Communities: 12. The role of behaviour in studying sustainable exploitation William J. Sutherland and Jennifer A. Gill; 13. The Allee effect: a barrier to recovery by exploited species Christopher W. Petersen and Don R. Levitan; 14. Life histories and sustainable harvesting Hanna Kokko, Jan Lindstrom and Esa Ranta; 15. Phenotypic and genetic changes due to selective exploitation Richard Law; 16. An ecosystem perspective on conserving targeted and non-targeted species Michel J. Kaiser and Simon Jennings; 17. The half-empty forest: sustainable use and the ecology of interactions Kent H. Redford and Peter Feinsinger; Part V. Conservation Meets Sustainable Use: 18. Sustainable use and pest control in conservation: kangaroos as a case study Gordon C. Grigg and Anthony R. Pople; 19. Conservation and resource use in arctic ecosytems Anne Gunn; 20. Conservation out of exploitation: a silk purse from a sow's ear? Jon Hutton and Barney Dickson; 21. Getting the biology right in a political sort of way Steven Sanderson; Part VI. Final Thoughts: 22. Using 'sustainable use' approaches to conserve exploited populations John G. Robinson; Index.
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John Reynolds is a Reader in Evolutionary Ecology at the University of East Anglia, England. His research focuses on the evolution of reproductive behaviour and life histories with an emphasis on implications for conservation of marine and freshwater fishes. He was awarded the FSBI medal of the Fisheries Society of the British Isles in 2000, and is co-author of Marine Fisheries Ecology (2001) and co-editor of The Fish and Fisheries Handbook (2002). Georgina Mace is the Director of Science at the Institute of Zoology, London. Her research concerns extinction risk assessment and she has had extensive involvement with the IUCN in developing systems for categorising the levels of threat used in Red Lists of threatened species. She was awarded the Order of the British Empire in 19 . She is co-editor of Creative Conservation (1994) and Conservation in a Changing World (1999, ISBN 0521632706). Kent Redford is Director of Biodiversity Analysis at the Wildlife Conservation Society, New York. His research interests focus on effects of human use on biodiversity conservation, parks and protected areas and wildlife use by indigenous peoples. He has also co-edited Neotropical Wildlife Use and Conservation (1991), Conservation of Neotropical Forests (1992) and Parks in Peril (1998). John G. Robinson is Senior Vice-President and Director of International Conservation at the Wildlife Conservation Society, New York. His research examines impacts of hunting on wildlife, particularly in tropical forests. He has worked on the IUCN's Sustainable Use Initiative and has has co-edited Neotropical Wildlife Use and Conservation (1991) and Hunting for Sustainability in Tropical Forests (2000).