Understanding the interaction between cooperation and conflict in establishing effective social behaviour is a fundamental challenge facing societies. Reflecting the breadth of current research in this area, Cooperation and Conflict brings together experts from biology to political science to examine the cooperation–conflict interface at multiple levels, from genes to human societies. Exploring both the exciting new directions and the biggest challenges in their fields, the authors focus on identifying commonalities across species and disciplines to help understand what features are shared broadly and what are limited to specific contexts. Each chapter is written to be accessible to students and researchers from interdisciplinary backgrounds, with text boxes explaining terminology and concepts that may not be familiar across disciplinary boundaries, while being a valuable resource to experts in their fields.
Introduction. Understanding for relationship between cooperation and conflict / Walter Wilczynski and Sarah Brosnan
Part I. Broad Insights from Political Science to Molecular Behaviour:
1. Reconciliation and civil wars reconsidered / William J. Long
2. Internalizing cooperative norms in group-structured populations / Erol Akçay and Jeremy Van Cleve
3. Reputation: a fundamental route to human cooperation / Junhui Wu, Daniel Balliet and Paul A. M. Van Lange
4. Finding the right balance: cooperation and conflict in nature / Elizabeth A. Ostrowski
Part II. Neural Mechanisms:
5. Social living and rethinking the concept of 'prosociality' / Heather K. Caldwell and H. Elliott Albers
6. The role of the temporal lobe in human social cognition / Katherine L. Bryant, Christina N. Rogers Flattery and Matthias Schurz
7. Role of oxytocin and vasopressin V1a receptor variation on personality, social behavior, social cognition, and the brain in nonhuman primates with a specific emphasis in chimpanzees / William D. Hopkins and Robert D. Latzman
Part III. Species Comparisons:
8. Understanding the trade-off between cooperation and conflict in avian societies / Amanda R. Ridley and Martha J. Nelson-Flower
9. Cooperation and conflict in mutualisms with a special emphasis on marine cleaning interaction / Redouan Bshary
10. Frenemies: the interplay between cooperation and conflict in the evolution and function of insect societies / Clare C. Rittschof and Christina M. Grozinger
Walter Wilczynski is Professor of Psychology and Director of the Neuroscience Institute at Georgia State University (GSU), USA. With over forty years of teaching and research experience, his work focuses on the study of the neural origins of social behaviour in animals, with a particular interest in communication, behavioural endocrinology, comparative vertebrate neuroanatomy and sensory processing.
Sarah F. Brosnan is Distinguished University Professor of Psychology, Philosophy and Neuroscience and co-Director of the Language Research Center, Georgia State University (GSU), USA. She studies decision-making in humans and other primates, particularly those relating to cooperation and inequity, and how these decision processes evolved. The editors have collaborated closely for several years on the Center for Behavioural Neuroscience's (GSU) research into the neurobiology of cooperative behaviour.