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An increasing number of people accept competitiveness as a basis for living. However, while competitiveness may have its place, cooperation is more important in many contexts, and interpersonal relationships are the most important elements in our lives. This is true not only of individuals, but also of groups and nations. In this book, prominent authors have come together to consider the nature of cooperation and prosocial behaviour at levels of social complexity ranging from the individual to the international. Successive sections cover key topics such as the relations between cooperation in animals and humans; the development of prosocial propensities in humans; aspects of the situation and of personality that increase the probability that individuals will behave prosocially; the relationships between trust, cooperation and commitment; and cooperation between groups and nations. Case studies illustrating the important issue of international cooperation are also included. The chapters are integrated by a series of useful editorials which emphasise that a full understanding of cooperation and prosocial behaviour requires us to move between different levels of social complexity.
'The subject is treated in considerable breadth and depth, ideas are developed as lines of argument throughout the book, and there is much to interest the reader, whether they may be a student, an interested general reader, a social scientist or even a policy maker.' Alain Schmitt, Human Ethology Newsletter
List of contributors; Foreword Her Royal Highness The Princess Royal; Introduction R. A. Hinde and J. Groebel; Part I. Cooperation In Animals and Man: Editorial; 1. Help, cooperation and trust in animals A. H. Harcourt; 2. Culture and cooperation R. Boyd and P. J. Richerson; Part II. The Development of Prosocial Propensities: Editorial; 3. The development and socialization of prosocial behaviour P. A. Miller, J. Bernzweig, N. Eisenberg and R. A. Fabies; 4. Cross-cultural differences in assertiveness/competition vs. group loyalty/cooperation H. C. Triandis; 5. The development of prosocial behaviour in large-scale collective societies: China and Japan H. W. Stevenson; 6. The learning of prosocial behaviour in small-scale egalitarian societies: an anthropological view E. Goody; Part III. Situational and Personality Determinants of Prosocial Behaviour: Editorial; 7. Situational and personality determinants of the quantity and quality of helping J. Fultz and R. B. Cialdini; 8. Perceiving the causes of altruism W. C. Swap; 9. Altruism J. Heal; 10. Complications and complexity in the pursuit of justice S. D. Clayton and M. J. Lerner; Part IV. Trust, Commitment and Cooperation: Editorial; 11. The dynamics of interpersonal trust: resolving uncertainty in the face of risk S. D. Boon and J. G. Holmes; 12. Commitment old and new: social pressure and individual choice in making relationships last M. Lund; 13. Cooperation in a microcosm: lessons from laboratory games D. A. Good; 14. Determinants of instrumental intra-group cooperation J. M. Rabbie; Part V. Cooperation Between Groups: Editorial; 15. Changing assumptions about conflict and negotiation J. Z. Rubin; 16. Cooperation between groups H. Feger; 17. The role of UNESCO in the development of international cooperation F. Mayor; 18. US-Soviet cooperation against terrorism: common ground I. Beliaev and J. Marks; 19. US policy towards the Soviet Union from Carter to Bush E.-O. Czempiel; Name index; Subject index.
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