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Many of the effects of global warming, changing temperature and rainfall patterns, have been recognized as climate change factors affecting agriculture, and these climate trends are expected to adversely affect crops in most agricultural regions in coming decades and be only partly compensated by increased CO2 concentrations and improved environments in northern latitudes and high altitudes, with net overall depression of yield. Global climate change therefore calls for advancements in crop genetic diversity, to develop genotypes which can adapt to a variety of complex climate changes and withstand less than ideal growing conditions.
"Crop Adaptation to Climate Change" covers a spectrum of issues related to both crops and climatic conditions. The first two sections provide a foundation on the factors involved in climate stress, assessing current climate change by region and covering crop physiological responses to these changes. The third and final section contains chapters focused on specific crops and the current research to improve their genetic adaptation to climate change.
Written by an international team of authors, "Crop Adaptation to Climate Change" is a timely look at the potentially serious consequences of climate change for our global food supply, and is an essential resource for academics, researchers and professionals in the fields of crop science, agronomy, plant physiology and molecular biology; crop consultants and breeders; as well as climate and food scientists.
List of Contributors
List of Editors
About the Editors
Foreword (Daniel Hillel and Cynthia Rosenzweig)
Foreword (M.S. Swaminathan)
Foreword (Martin Parry)
Foreword (Ahmed Djoghlaf)
Foreword (Cary Fowler)
Foreword (David K. Skelly)
Foreword (Walter P. Falcon)
1.1 Climate Change, Population Growth and Crop Production: An Overview (Hermann Lotze-Campen)
1.2 Modelling Regional Effects of Climate Change on Wheat Crop Production in Victoria, Australia (Garry O'Leary, Brendan Christy, Anna Weeks, James Nuttall, Penny Riffkin, Craig Beverly and Glenn Fitzgerald) 2. Agroecology: Implications for Plant Response to Climate Change (Jerry L. Hatfield and John H. Prueger)
3.1 Impacts of Climate Change on Crop Production in Latin America (Andy Jarvis, Julian Ramirez, Osana Bonilla-Findji, Emmanuel Zapata)
3.2 Changing Climate in North America: Implications for Crops (Jerry L. Hatfield)
3.3 Regional Impacts of Climate Change: Africa (Ranjana Bhattacharjee, Bonny R Ntare, Emmanuel Otoo, and Pius Z. Yanda)
3.4 Regional Impacts: Europe (Hermann Lotze-Campen)
3.5 Climate Change Impacts and Adaptations in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union (Andrei Kirilenko and Nikolay Dronin)
3.6 Climate Change Impact in Agriculture: Vulnerability and Adaptation Concerns of Semi Arid Tropics in Asia (Naveen P. Singh, MCS Bantilan and A Ashok Kumar, P. Janila and Abu Wali Raghib Hassan) 3.7 Climate Change Impacts in Japan and Southeast Asia: Implications for Crop Adaptation (S.V.R.K. Prabhakar)
3.8 Regional Impacts: Australia (S.M. Howden and S.J. Crimp)
4. Synthesis of Regional Impacts and Global Agricultural Adjustments (Neil C. Turner and Rolf Meyer)
5.1 Impacts of High-Temperature Stress and Potential Opportunities for Breeding (R.P. Singh, P.V.V. Prasad, A.K. Sharma, K.R. Reddy)
5.2 Whole Plant Response to Drought under Climate Change (Vincent Vadez, Jana Kholova, Sunita Choudhary, Paul Zindy, M#dulline Terrier, L. Krishnamurthy, P. Ratna Kumar, Neil C. Turner)
6. Plant Responses to Increased Carbon Dioxide (S. Seneweera and R.M. Norton)
7. Genetics Options for Improving the Productivity of Wheat in Water-Limited and Temperature Stressed Environments (R. M. Trethowan and T. Mahmood)
8. Genetic Adjustment to Changing Climates: Pea (Clarice J. Coyne, Rebecca J. McGee, Robert J. Redden, Mike J. Ambrose, Bonnie J. Furman, Carol A. Miles)
9. Genetic Adjustment to Changing Climates: Chickpea (M. Imtiaz, R.S. Malhotra, and Shyam. S. Yadav)
10. Genetic Adjustment to Changing Climates: Vicia faba (G#rard Duc, Wolfgang Link, Pascal Marget, F.L. Stoddard, Ana MariaTorres, J.I. Cubero)
11. Adaptation of the Potato Crop to Changing Climates (Roland Schafleitner, Julian Ramirez, Andy Jarvis, Daniele Evers, Raymundo Gutierrez and Mariah Scurrah)
12. Genetic Adjustment to Changing Climates: Rice (T. Lafarge, S.Peng, T. Hasegawa,W.P. Quick, S.V.K. Jagadish, R. Wassmann)
13. Genetic Adjustment to Changing Climates: Maize (Mark E. Westgate and Jerry L. Hatfield)
14. Sorghum Genetic Enhancement for Climate Change Adaptation (Belum V. S. Reddy, A Ashok Kumar, S. Ramesh1 and P. Sanjana Reddy)
15. Breeding Cowpea for Future Climates (Anthony E. Hall)
16. Genetic Improvement of Common beans and the Challenges of Climate Change (S. Beebe, J. Ramirez, A. Jarvis, I.M. Rao, G. Mosquera, J.M. Bueno, M.W. Blair)
17. Improving Soybean Cultivars for Adaptation to Climate Change and Climate Variability (Boote, K.J.)
18. Genetic Adjustment to Changing Climates: Vegetables (de la Pe#a R.C., Ebert A.W., Gniffke P., Hanson P. & Symonds R.C.)
19. Adaptation of Cassava to Changing Climates (Hern#n Ceballos, Julian Ramirez, Anthony C. Bellotti, Andy Jarvis, and E. Alvarez)
20. Changing Climates: Effects on Growing Conditions for Banana and Plantain (Musa spp.) and Possible Responses (Juli#n Ram#rez, Andy Jarvis, Inge Van den Bergh, Charles Staver and David Turner)
21. Genetic Adjustment to Changing Climates: Sugarcane (Geoff Inman-Bamber, Phillip Jackson and Maryse Bourgault)
22. Breeding Oilseed Brassica for Climate Change (P.A. Salisbury and M.J. Barbetti)
23. The Genetic Envelope of Wine Grapevines: Potential for Adaptation to Future Climate Challenges (Leanne B. Webb, Peter R. Clingeleffer and Stephen D. Tyerman)
24. The Potential of Climate Change Adjustment in crops: A Synthesis (Redden R. Shyam, S. Yadav, Surinder Vasal, Boddupalli M. Prasanna, Jerry L. Hatfield)
25. Crop Germplasm Diversity - the Role of Gene Bank Collections in Facilitating Adaptation to Climate Change (Laura K. Snook, M. Ehsan Dulloo, Andy Jarvis, Xavier Scheldeman, Margaret Kneller)
26. Underutilized species and Climate Change - Current Status and Outlook (Padulosi S., V. Heywood, D. Hunter and A. Jarvis)
27. Wild Relative and Transgenic Innovation for Enhancing Crop Adaptation to Warmer and Drier Climate (Gang-Ping Xue and C. Lynne McIntyre)
28. Energy Crops to Combat Climate Change (Abdullah A. Jaradat)
29. Research from the Past to the Future (EC (Ted) Wolfe)
Shyam S. Yadav is International Advisor in Agriculture at Civilian Technical Assistance Program, General Directorate of Programs, Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation & Livestock, Kabul, Afghanistan.
Robert Redden is a Curator of genetic resources at the Australian Temperate and Field Crops Collection (ATFCC), Department of Primary Industries, Australia.
Jerry L. Hatfield is Laboratory Director and Supervisory Plant Physiologist at the USDA-Agriculture Research Service, United States of America.
Hermann Lotze-Campen is a Group Leader in Earth System Analysis at the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK), Germany.
Anthony Hall is Emeritus Professor of Plant Physiology at the Department of Botany and Plant Sciences, University of California Riverside, California, United States of America.