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About this book
About this book
No single event played a greater role in the birth of modern environmentalism than the publication of Rachel Carson's "Silent Spring" and its assault on insecticides. This collection of documents, the first of its kind, traces shifting attitudes toward DDT and pesticides in general through a variety of sources: excerpts from scientific studies and government reports, advertisements from industry journals, articles from popular magazines, and the famous "Fable for Tomorrow" from "Silent Spring".
Beginning with attitudes toward nature at the turn of the twentieth century, the book moves through the use and early regulation of pesticides; the introduction and early success of DDT; the discovery of its environmental effects; and the uproar over "Silent Spring". It ends with recent debates about DDT as a potential solution to malaria in Africa. These texts allow readers to see how scientists, pesticide manufacturers, conservationists, and ordinary citizens approached this issue and how profoundly their attitudes changed from the 1890s to the present.
Thomas Dunlap is professor of history at Texas A & M University. He is the author of four books including "Faith in Nature: Environmentalism as Religious Quest" and "DDT: Scientists, Citizens, and Public Policy".
Foreword by William Cronon; Preface and Acknowledgments; IntroductionBACKGROUNDViews of NatureStephen A. Forbes, "The Ecological Foundations of Applied Entomology"; Leland O. Howard, "The War against Insects"Pre-DDT Pesticides and DDT's Use in World War IIPaul Neal et al., "A Study of the Effects of Lead Arsenate Exposure on Orchardists and Consumers of Sprayed Fruit"; Paul Neal et al., "Toxicity and Potential Dangers of Aerosols,Mists, and Dusting Powders Containing DDT"DDT'S BRIGHT PROMISE AND NEGLECTED PROBLEMSDDT as Miracle ChemicalBrigadier General James Stevens Simmons "How Magic is DDT?"; "Aerosol Insecticides"; Clay Lyle, "Achievements and Possibilities in Pest Eradication"Early WarningsPaul B. Dunbar, "The Food and Drug Administration Looks at Insecticides"; Clarence Cottam and Elmer Higgins,"DDT and Its Effect on Fish and Wildlife"RISING CONCERN ABOUT NEW PROBLEMSDDT, Food Chains, and WildlifeRoy J. Barker, "Notes on Some Ecological Effects of DDT Sprayed on Elms"; Editorial from Bird Study; Derek A. Ratcliffe, "The Status of the Peregrine in Great Britain"; Robert Rudd, Pesticides and the Living Landscape; Thomas R. Dunlap, Interview with Joseph J. Hickey; Robert S. Strother, "Backfire in the War against Insects"THE STORM OVER SILENT SPRINGPublic AlarmMorton Mintz, "'Heroine' of FDA Keeps Bad Drug Off Market"; Rachel Carson, "A Fable for Tomorrow"ReactionsPresident's Science Advisory Committee, Use of Pesticides; Robert H.White-Stevens, "Communications Create Understanding"; Edwin Diamond, "The Myth of the 'Pesticide Menace'"; Robert Gillette,"DDT: Its Days are Numbered, Except Perhaps in Pepper Fields"DDT AND MALARIAThomas Sowell, "Intended Consequences"; Thomas R. Hawkins, "Rereading Silent Spring"; May Berenbaum, "If Malaria's the Problem, DDT's Not the Only Answer"Notes on Further Reading; Credits; Index
150 pages, no illustrations
A superb collection. Included here are the texts that galvanized Rachel Carson to write Silent Spring and inspired her to insist on a new vision of cooperation between man and nature. Dunlap's book provides the context for one of the defining debates of our time and shows us why a resolution remains so elusive. Linda Lear, biographer and author of Rachel Carson: Witness for Nature "To understand how DDT could win its developer a Nobel Prize and then be banned just decades later, read this book. Read it, too, if you want to understand the modern environmental movement. In these pages, those who helped make history tell you, in their own words, what happened." Edmund P. Russell, University of Virginia "This is a wonderful collection that will prove quite useful for classes in environmental studies and American environmental history. Rachel Carson deserves far more attention in undergraduate courses, and this collection will facilitate that. Historians studying conflicts over pesticides will also find the selections thought-provoking and occasionally surprising." Nancy Langston, Professor, Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison "A fascinating and thought-provoking collection of texts that will give readers whole new perspectives on this critical controversy in the history of environmental thought." William Cronon, University of Wisconsin-Madison "Students can use this collection to gain greater understanding of the development of the environmental movement, changing ideas about progress, science, and technology, as well as changing ideas about the role of nature in the modern world." David Stradling, University of Cincinnati